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USGS - science for a changing world

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)



Get Land Cover Data

 
 
Click a continent to view a list of land cover links.

Global Map of Data
 

North American Land Cover Data Links

    United States Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    Aerial Photographyarrow


    Climate, Land Use, and Environmental Sensitivity (CLUES)arrow
      About: Climate modeling studies indicate that vegetation cover, in turn, has a strong influence on regional climates, and this must be better understood before models can estimate future environmental conditions. To address these issues, this project investigates vegetational response to climatic change, and vegetation-land surface impacts on climate change.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://esp.cr.usgs.gov/info/clues/


    Ecoregion Maps of North America - James Omernikarrow
      About: Ecoregions denote areas of general similarity in ecosystems and in the type, quality, and quantity of environmental resources. They are designed to serve as a spatial framework for the research, assessment, management, and monitoring of ecosystems and ecosystem components. James Omernik`s pioneering ecoregion maps level one through five are available through this site.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: North America
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.epa.gov/wed/pages/ecoregions.htm Leaving USGS


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow
      About: The FAO forestry web site provides pages of information, access to all of FAO`s forest-related databases, detailed country profiles and links to documents on all aspects of forestry. Recent additions include new sites on forest fire, national forest programs and forest reproductive material, among others.
      Year: 1990-2005
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.fao.org/forestry/country/en/ Leaving USGS


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/1kmhomepage.php


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/global-land-cover-2000-europe Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://worldwildlife.org/biomes Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/elevation-products


    http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/arrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    Land Information Ontarioarrow
      About: Land information Ontario (LIO) was created by the Ministry of Natural Resources in 1999 as a three-year project to create an information infrastructure that would support the province-wide sharing of geospatial data. At the end of the project, LIO was continued as a program to operate and manage the infrastructure that it had created. LIO works to ensure that Ontario's geospatial land information is accessible, well-managed, easy to integrate and affordable.
      Year: 1999 - Present
      Scale: National
      Website: http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/LIO/index.html Leaving USGS


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°X1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Active Fire Mapping Programarrow
      About: These data depict MODIS active fire detections (updated hourly) for North America and were collected and compiled by the USDA Forest Service Remote Sensing Applications Center. Fire detection data are derived from Terra and Aqua MODIS data collected and processed in cooperation between RSAC, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, and the University of Maryland.
      Year: 2001 - Present
      Scale: National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://activefiremaps.fs.fed.us/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    NASA's North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) newarrow
      About: NLDAS is a collaborative project between NASA GSFC, NOAA, Princeton University, and the University of Washington. The NLDAS project has created surface meteorological forcing data sets using the best-available observations and re-analyses. The forcing data sets are used to drive four separate land-surface models (LSMs) to produce data sets of soil moisture, snow, runoff, and surface fluxes. Additional information about NLDAS is available from: http://ldas.gsfc.nasa.gov/nldas/ and from http://www.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/mmb/nldas/. The latter site also hosts the near real-time NLDAS Drought Monitor.
      Year: 1979 to Present
      Cost: No Cost
      Website: http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/datareleases/nldas_monthly_data_release Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model (DEM) coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Resources Inventoryarrow


    National Snow and Ice Data Centerarrow
      About: Polar ice sheet elevation data sets are available to create surface elevation maps of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. The maps contribute to the study of glaciers, ice sheets, ice streams, and ice shelves. Many of the maps produced from elevation data sets are Digital Elevation Models, which facilitate ice sheet mass balance investigations and tracking of long-term changes in the polar ice sheets. National Snow and Ice Data Center provides cryospheric data and information gathered from such sources as remote sensing instruments, ground measurements, and models.
      Year: 1978 to Present
      Scale: Greenland, Arctic, and Antarctic
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://nsidc.org/data/land_surface.html Leaving USGS


    National Wetland Inventory (Wetlands Mapper)arrow
      About: The National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) produces and provides information on the characteristics, extent, and status of the Nation's wetlands and deepwater habitats and other wildlife habitats. The Wetlands Mapper provides improved views and access to a seamless wetland habitat geodatabase.
      Year: 1980s and 1990s photography.
      Scale: Local, regional, and national
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.fws.gov/wetlands/Data/Mapper.html Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Ontario Land Use Planning Linksarrow


    Ontario Provincial Land Cover Data Basearrow
      About: The Ontario Land Cover Data base is the first land cover classification in Canada to be completed for an entire province wholly from satellite remote sensing data. The database was produced in none segments (termed tiles) under three programs of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) between 1991 and 1998. The Land Cover data was derived from digital, multispectral Landsat Thematic Mapper data. Revised Data (Provincial Land Cover Data Base 2000) is available for Northern Ontario and is based on Landsat images flown between 1998 and 2002.
      Year: 1991 - 1998
      Scale: National
      Cost: This data is licensed for use by Students, Faculty and Staff of the University of Guelph.
      Contact: libgis@uoguelph.ca
      Website: http://geoconnections.nrcan.gc.ca Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    Southeast Florida Coral Initiative Viewerarrow
      About: In 2000, the United States Coral Reef Task Force (USCRTF) adopted a National Action Plan to conserve coral reefs. With guidance from the USCRTF, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission coordinated the formation of a team of interagency and non-agency marine resource professionals, scientist, resource users and other stakeholders. This team, known as the Southeast Florida Coral Reef Initiative Team (SEFCRI Team), first gathered in May 2003 to develop local action strategies targeting coral reefs and associated reef resources from Miami-Dade County, through Broward, Palm Beach and Martin Counties, to improve the coordination of technical and financial support for the conservation and management of coral reefs. The Southeast Florida Coral Reef Initiative (SEFCRI) is targeting this region because the coral habitats are close to shore and co-exist with intensely urbanized areas that lack a coordinated management plan (like that of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary).
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://ocean.floridamarine.org/sefcri/viewer.htm Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    Terraserver - USAarrow
      About: The TerraServer-USA Web site is one of the world's largest online databases, providing free public access to a vast data store of maps and aerial photographs of the United States. TerraServer is designed to work with commonly available computer systems and Web browsers over slow speed communications links. The TerraServer name is a play on words, with 'Terra' referring to the 'earth' or 'land' and also to the terabytes of images stored on the site.
      Year: 1980 Present
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.terraserver.com/view.asp?tid=142 Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Americas: Political and Shaded Relief Maps, by Countryarrow


      Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA)arrow
        About: Since 1989, the Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA) has been located in a dedicated two-story section of the Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences building on the Cook College campus of Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. CRSSA provides students, faculty, staff, and other researchers with state-of-the-art facilities for remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) teaching and research.
        Website: http://deathstar.rutgers.edu/crssa_sum2.html Leaving USGS


      Land Use History of North America (LUHNA) newarrow
        About: In late 1994, the National Biological Service (NBS), now the Biological Resources Division (BRD) of the U. S. Geological Survey, initiated a program to develop an historical atlas of North American landscapes. Initial efforts included a workshop and a series of pilot projects funded jointly by USGS and NASA's Earth Sciences Enterprise. These efforts integrated perspectives in geography, ecology, environmental history, sociology, statistics, and cartography. Note:The LUHNA project is no longer an active USGS/NASA research project. This web site serves as an archive to maintain the visibility of the important work done by the LUHNA project team.
        Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/luhna/


      The Atlas of Canadaarrow
        About: The Atlas of Canada provides authoritative, current and accessible geographic information products at a national level. Working with partners, the Atlas facilitates the integration and analysis of diverse data in order to increase overall knowledge about Canada.
        Year: N/A
        Scale: National
        Cost: FREE
        Website: http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/environment/land Leaving USGS


      United Nations Environmental Programarrow
        About: The North American Node of UNEP GRID, located at the USGS EROS Data Center, is in the forefront of applying information technology tools such as remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and web mapping to address the relationships between the environment and human populations.
        Website: http://grid2.cr.usgs.gov/


      United States Global Change Research Programarrow
        About: The U.S. Global Change Research Program supports research on the interactions of natural and human-induced changes in the global environment and their implications for society.
        Website: http://www.globalchange.gov/ Leaving USGS


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world. These projects are illustrated in program activities. Projects are developed based on specific requests from other U.S. agencies, NGOs, International Donors, or host countries. Training, capacity building, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing needs assessments, and personnel development are integral components of projects that emphasize both scientific and development activities.
        Website: http://lca.usgs.gov/lca/index.php



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United States Land Cover Data Links

    Aquifers of Alluvial and Glacial Originarrow
      About: Compiled by the USGS this map shows alluvial aquifers, which are those that were deposited by a stream or other body of running water in a streambed, on a flood plain, on a delta, or at the base of a mountain. Glacial aquifers are formations that were deposited by a glacier. This map layer was compiled by the USGS.
      Year: 1992-1997
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/alvaqfp.html Leaving USGS


    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    1:250,000-scale Hydrologic Units of the United Statesarrow
      About: The Geographic Information Retrieval and Analysis System (GIRAS) was developed in the mid 70s to put into digital form a number of data layers which were of interest to the USGS. One of these data layers was the Hydrologic Units. The map is based on the Hydrologic Unit Maps published by the U.S. Geological Survey Office of Water Data Coordination, together with the list descriptions and name of region, subregion, accounting units, and cataloging unit. The hydrologic units are encoded with an eight- digit number that indicates the hydrologic region (first two digits), hydrologic subregion (second two digits), accounting unit (third two digits), and cataloging unit (fourth two digits).
      Year: Revised May 2006
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/metadata/usgswrd/XML/huc250k.xml


    Alaska 1991 AVHRR Land Cover Characteristicsarrow
      About: Advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) satellite data were acquired and composited into twice a month periods from 1 May 1991 to 15 October 1991 to map vegetation characteristics over the Alaskan landscape. Unique spatial and temporal qualities of the AVHRR data provide information that leads to a better understanding of regional biophysical characteristics of vegetation communities and patterns. These data provided synoptic views of the landscape and depicted phenological diversity, temporal vegetation phenology (green-up, peak of green, and senescence), photosynthetic activity, and regional landscape patterns. Products generated from the data included a phenological class map, phenological composite maps (onset, peak, and duration), and photosynthetic activity maps (mean and maximum greenness).
      Year: 1991
      Scale: State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://agdc.usgs.gov/data/usgs/erosafo/ak_avhrr/1991ak_avhrr.html


    Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI)arrow
      About: In response to indications of worldwide declines in amphibian populations, the President and Congress directed Interior Department agencies to initiate a national program of amphibian monitoring, research, and conservation. As a result, the Agency formed the National Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative.
      Year: 2000 to present
      Scale: Local, regional and national
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://armi.usgs.gov/


    Atlas of United States Treesarrow
      About: Maps of the ranges of tree species in North America compiled by Elbert Little, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and others were digitized for use in USGS' vegetation-climate modeling studies. These digital map files are available here for download.
      Year: 1966 - 1978
      Scale: National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://esp.cr.usgs.gov/data/atlas/little/


    California - Land Resource Protectionarrow


    California Land Cover Mapping and Monitoring Programarrow
      About: The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection and the USDA Forest Service conduct land cover mapping and monitoring to enhance fire protection and natural resource management on public and private lands in California. This program uses Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) satellite imagery to map land cover types and derive land cover changes across all ownerships. The state is covered in five unique project areas. One project area is completed each year, then revisited and updated every fifth year.
      Year: 1950 - present
      Scale: Cascade Northeast, North Coast, Northern Sierra, South Coast and Southern Sierra.
      Cost: Cost
      Website: http://frap.cdf.ca.gov/projects/land_cover/index.html Leaving USGS


    Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP)arrow
      About: The NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program is a nationally standardized database of land cover and change information, developed using remotely sensed imagery, for the coastal regions of the U.S. Coastal Change Analysis Program land cover products inventory coastal intertidal areas, wetlands, and adjacent uplands with the goal of monitoring changes in these habitats, on a one-to-five year cycle. This effort is in conjunction with the National Land Cover Dataset 2001.
      Year: 2001
      Scale: Coastal States of the US only
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://coast.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/tools/lca Leaving USGS


    Forest Inventory and Analysis Programarrow
      About: Provides information about timber harvesting and timber use across the United States. Also there is a site to allow users to create tabular summaries, make maps and/or download data by state and Inventory.
      Year: Varies per State
      Scale: State
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://fia.fs.fed.us/ Leaving USGS


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    Gap Analysis Programarrow
      About: The goal of the GAP Analysis Program is to keep common species common by identifying those species and plant communities that are not adequately represented in existing conservation lands. GAP is organized on a project basis. Most states have conducted an analysis of their own land cover and vertebrate biodiversity. Regional mapping projects have begun, as have some aquatic projects. These pages provide content detailing the status of projects, as well as links to project contacts, products, and home pages.
      Year: 1995 to present
      Scale: Local, regional and national
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/gap-analysis/


    GIRAS Landuse/Landcover data for the Conterminous United States by quadrangles at scale 1:250,000arrow
      About: This is land use/land cover digital data collected by USGS and converted to ARC/INFO by the EPA. This data is useful for environmental assessment of land use patterns with respect to water quality analysis, growth management, and other types of environmental impact assessment. Use may be limited due to currency.
      Year: 1977 - 1980
      Scale: Water Basin
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/2006/240/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/global-land-cover-2000-europe Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/elevation-products


    kentucky Geological Survey GeoPortalarrow
      About: Users of KGSGeoPortal specify a geographic area of interest by selecting a method (e.g., county name, coordinate location, or stream name) and specifying a value for that feature type. A basemap shows the area selected and the user can refine the map extent by using zoom or pan functions. Links to other Internet services can then be initiated using the coordinate extents of the map. The linked services start in a new browser window, so that multiple services can be compared. The feature for linking to other services can also be imbedded in existing internet map services to provide service-to-service functionality.
      Scale: State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.uky.edu/KGS/ Leaving USGS


    Lake Tahoe Data Clearinghousearrow
      About: This Lake Tahoe Data Clearinghouse website, created and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey in partnership with Federal, State, tribal, and local agencies and groups, is a gateway to information and data on Lake Tahoe and its basin.
      Year: 1997 to present
      Scale: Lake Tahoe
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://tahoe.usgs.gov/


    Land Cover Trendsarrow
      About: Land Cover Trends is a research project focused on understanding the rates, trends, causes, and consequences of contemporary U.S. land use and land cover change. The rates of land use and land cover change are estimated using a stratified random sampling of 10-km by 10-km blocks allocated within an ecoregion-based spatial framework. The Land Cover Trends project uses the Environmental Protection Agency defined Level III ecoregions as the spatial framework for national assessment and reporting.
      Year: 1973 to 2001 (working project - not all data available)
      Scale: Ecoregion format, USA
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://landcovertrends.usgs.gov/


    Landfire Projectarrow
      About: LANDFIRE produces digital geospatial data describing existing vegetation composition and structure; potential fire behavior and effects; fuel models; simulated historical fire regimes; and fire regime condition class. Mapped data is produced based on peer-reviewed science from the fields of remote sensing, ecosystem simulation, predictive landscape modeling, vegetation and disturbance ecology, and fire behavior and effects.
      Year: 2006, 2008, 2009 (working project - not all data available)
      Scale: Zonal format, USA
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.landfire.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Landsat Dataarrow
      About: Landsat satellites have been collecting images of the Earth's surface for more than thirty years. NASA launched the first Landsat satellite in 1972, and the most recent one, Landsat 7, in 1999. Instruments onboard the satellites have acquired millions of images of the Earth. These images provide a unique resource for people who work in agriculture, geology, forestry, regional planning, education, mapping, and global change research.
      Year: 1984 - Present
      Scale: National
      Cost: COSTS
      Website: http://landsat.usgs.gov/


    Landslide Monitoringarrow
      About: Monitoring is essential to predicting the behavior of landslides and forecasting which storms can trigger large numbers of landslides. Scientists in the USGS Landslide Hazards Program monitor selected landslides and hillsides in order to learn more about the physical processes that trigger landslides or control their movement
      Year: Varies per study site
      Location: California, Washington, Colorado, Oregon
      Website: http://landslides.usgs.gov/monitoring/


    Modeling Urban Expansion in the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area; A Cellular Automata Approacharrow
      About: Historical land-use data from the twentieth century was used as input to the SLEUTH land-use change model, a Cellular Automata model developed by Keith Clarke at the University of California at Santa Barbara, to produce projections of urban expansion in the Philadelphia metropolitan area.
      Year: Historical – past 50 years
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://mcmcweb.er.usgs.gov/de_river_basin/phil/gis.html


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    NASA's North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) newarrow
      About: NLDAS is a collaborative project between NASA GSFC, NOAA, Princeton University, and the University of Washington. The NLDAS project has created surface meteorological forcing data sets using the best-available observations and re-analyses. The forcing data sets are used to drive four separate land-surface models (LSMs) to produce data sets of soil moisture, snow, runoff, and surface fluxes. Additional information about NLDAS is available from: http://ldas.gsfc.nasa.gov/nldas/ and from http://www.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/mmb/nldas/. The latter site also hosts the near real-time NLDAS Drought Monitor.
      Year: 1979 to Present
      Cost: No Cost
      Website: http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/datareleases/nldas_monthly_data_release Leaving USGS


    National Land Cover Database 2001 (NLCD 2001)arrow
      About: The National Land Cover Database 2001 is a 21-class land cover classification scheme applied consistently over the United States and Puerto Rico. It is an updated product from the NLCD1992, which in addition will also include percent impervious and percent tree canopy cover. The resolution is 30 meters.
      Year: 2001
      Scale: Continental, State
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.mrlc.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Land Cover Database 2006 (NLCD 2006) newarrow
      About: NLCD 2006 quantifies land cover and land cover change between the years 2001 to 2006 and provides an updated version of NLCD 2001. These products represent the first time this type of 30-meter cell land cover change has been produced for the conterminous United States. Products were generated by comparing spectral characteristics of Landsat imagery between 2001 and 2006, on an individual path/row basis, using protocols to identify and label change based on the trajectory from NLCD 2001 products. A formal accuracy assessment of the NLCD 2006 land cover change product is planned for 2011.
      Year: 2006
      Scale: Continental, State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.mrlc.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Land Cover Database 2011 (NLCD 2011) newarrow
      About: National Land Cover Database 2011 (NLCD 2011) is the most recent national land cover product created by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics (MRLC) Consortium. NLCD 2011 provides - for the first time - the capability to assess wall-to-wall, spatially explicit, national land cover changes and trends across the United States from 2001 to 2011. As with two previous NLCD land cover products NLCD 2011 keeps the same 16-class land cover classification scheme that has been applied consistently across the United States at a spatial resolution of 30 meters. NLCD 2011 is based primarily on a decision-tree classification of circa 2011 Landsat satellite data.
      Year: 2011
      Scale: Continental, State
      Cost: FREE
      Contact: custserv@usgs.gov
      Website: http://www.mrlc.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Land Cover Dataset 1992 (NLCD 1992)arrow
      About: Derived from circular 1990s Landsat Thematic Mapper satellite data, the National Land Cover Dataset is a 21-class land cover classification scheme applied consistently over the United States. The spatial resolution of the data is 30 meters.
      Year: 1992
      Scale: State
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/natllandcover.php


    National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Programarrow
      About: The U.S. Geological Survey began its National Water Quality Assessment program in 1991, systematically collecting chemical, biological, and physical water quality data from 42 study units (basins) across the nation. Site, basin and, well and network characteristics and daily stream flow of just some of the many variables available for download.
      Year: 1991 to Present
      Scale: Local, regional, and national
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://cida.usgs.gov/nawqa_public/apex/f?p=nawqa


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1km (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/species/ Leaving USGS


    The National Hydrography Datasetarrow
      About: The National Hydrography Dataset is the culmination of recent cooperative efforts of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Geological Survey. It combines the best of the EPA Reach File Version 3.0 (RF3) and USGS Digital Line Graph hydrography files: hydrologic ordering, hydrologic navigation for modeling applications, and a unique identifier (reach code) for surface water features from RF3; and the spatial accuracy and comprehensiveness of DLG hydrography.
      Year: Dependant upon the production date of the initial linework and whether this linework was updated when the DLG files were created by USGS. Therefore the vintage of the linework can vary from the 1950s to the mid-1980s.
      Scale: Conterminous US = 1:100,000, Puerto Rico = 1:20,000, Virgin Islands = 1:24,000 and Alaska = 1:63,360.
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://nhd.usgs.gov/


    The Plate River Programarrow
      About: Nine endangered species use the central Platte River Valley for habitat, including the whooping crane, piping plover, and least tern. Changes in water and land use have transformed the river channel and altered adjacent wet meadows. With changes in the hydrology of the river and the structure of riparian habitats, the sustainability of migratory and resident birds and other biota have been brought into question.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.platteriverprogram.org/Pages/default.aspx Leaving USGS


    Twentieth-Century Land Surface Changes in the Delaware Water Gap Basin, a Temporal GIS Analysisarrow
      About: Methods of integrating land-surface data and measuring change with time are being tested on historical land use/land cover data of the Delaware Water Gap watershed area in Pennsylvania.
      Year: Data Ranges 1893 - 1999
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://mcmcweb.er.usgs.gov/de_river_basin/de_water_gap/index.html


    U.S. Department of Laborarrow
      About: The Bureau of Labor Statistics is the principal fact-finding agency for the Federal Government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics.The BLS is an independent national statistical agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates essential statistical data to the American public, the U.S. Congress, other Federal agencies, State and local governments, business, and labor. The BLS also serves as a statistical resource to the Department of Labor.
      Year: 1996 - Present
      Scale: Lcoal, Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?bls Leaving USGS


    United States Phenologyarrow
      About: The U.S. Geological Survey for Earth Resources Observation and Science has produced greenness information of the conterminous U.S. and Alaska using -km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data for almost 20 years.
      Year: January 1989 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://phenology.cr.usgs.gov/


    US Census Bureauarrow
      About: The Census Bureau serves as the leading source of quality data about the nation's people and economy.
      Year: 1870 - Present however, data availability varies per topic
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.census.gov/ Leaving USGS


    USDA Census of Agriculturearrow
      About: The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) conducts hundreds of surveys every year and prepares reports covering virtually every aspect of U.S. agriculture-production and supplies of food and fiber, prices paid and received by farmers, farm labor and wages, farm finances, chemical use, and changes in the demographics of U.S. producers to name a few.
      Year: 1863 - Present
      Scale: Local, Regional, and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.nass.usda.gov/index.asp Leaving USGS


    USGS Topographic Mapsarrow
      About: The USGS took over responsibility for mapping the country in 1879 and has been the primary civilian mapping agency of the United States ever since. The best known USGS maps are the 1:24,000-scale topographic maps, also known as 7.5-minute quadrangles. More than 55,000 7.5-minute maps were made to cover the 48 conterminous States. This is the only uniform map series that covers the entire area of the United States in considerable detail.
      Year: 1879 -1992
      Scale: 1:24,000, 1:25,000, 1:63,360 and others
      Cost: COST
      Website: http://topomaps.usgs.gov/


    Water Resources of Nebraskaarrow
      About: Links to all of Nebraska’s rivers and streams, including current (“real time”) stream flow, water quality and ground water levels.
      Year: 2000 to Present
      Scale: Regional, Local, and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://ne.water.usgs.gov/index.htm


    Water Resources of the United Statesarrow
      About: Selected water-resources data for approximately 1.5 million sites across the United States from 1857 to present.
      Year: 1857 - Present
      Scale: Local to National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://water.usgs.gov/


    Wetlands Online Mapperarrow
      About: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal Federal agency that provides information to the public on the extent and status of the Nations wetlands. Through its National Wetlands Inventory, the agency has developed considerable expertise in mapping wetlands and associated habitats.
      Scale: Lower 48 states — USGS 1:24,000 or 1:100,000 topographic quadrangle, Alaska — USGS 1:63,000 topographic quadrangle, Hawaii — County and USGS topographic quadrangle, Puerto Rico and USVI — County and USGS topographic quadrangle, Pacific Trust Territories — County/Island
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.fws.gov/wetlands/Data/Mapper.html Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      Accuracy Assessment of National Land Cover Data 1992 (NLCD92)arrow
        About: A National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD) for the conterminous U.S. has been compiled by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of a cooperative project between the USGS and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The data set is a nationally consistent land cover product derived from the early to mid-1990s Landsat Thematic Mapper satellite imagery. Accuracy assessments of the product have been conducted region-by-region using a scientifically rigorous approach.
        Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/accuracy/index.php


      Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI)arrow
        About: In response to indications of worldwide declines in amphibian populations, the President and Congress directed Interior Department agencies to initiate a national program of amphibian monitoring, research, and conservation. As a result, the Agency formed the National Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative.
        Website: http://armi.usgs.gov/


      Cropland by County Since 1850 and Population Since 1790arrow
        About: A time series data set of cropland and population proportions has been developed at the county level to provide data on land use conversion and rates of change. The U.S. Bureau of the Census and related agencies inventoried a county cropland series from 1850 to the present.
        Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/cropland/index.php


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      Maps On Demand: limited printing of digitally supported U.S. Geological Survey maps and reportsarrow
        About: The USGS provides map-on-demand (MOD) printing for selected infrequently requested geologic and other theme map products providing high-quality paper-copy maps as needed. Site links to available map products with thumbnail views and how to order.
        Website: http://store.usgs.gov/mod/


      Pacific Northwest Research Station - Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics Teamarrow
        About: The Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics Team conducts national, regional, and sub-regional assessments of land use and land cover changes affecting the nation’s forest, grassland, and aquatic ecosystems.
        Website: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lulcd/ Leaving USGS


      Priority Ecosystems Sciencearrow
        About: The mission of Priority Ecosystem Science, PES is to provide science in support of adaptive management of ecosystems that have near-term societal concern and significant long-term societal value. Studies are designed to serve local ecosystem management needs and to provide knowledge and approaches transferable to similar ecosystems across the Nation.
        Website: http://access.usgs.gov/index.html


      Regional Assessments of Land Use Change in the Delaware River Basinarrow
        About: This long-term U.S. Geological Survey project consists of a number of individual studies applying spatial analysis methods to long-term land-cover change in the Delaware River Basin, particularly in Pennsylvania. The objectives for these projects are to address and quantify predominant affects and outcomes of land-surface change in urbanizing areas.
        Website: http://mcmcweb.er.usgs.gov/de_river_basin/


      Regional Vulnerability Assessment (ReVA) Programarrow
        About: EPA's Regional Vulnerability Assessment (ReVA) program is an approach to regional scale, priority-setting assessment being developed by EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD).
        Website: http://www.epa.gov/reva/ Leaving USGS


      South Florida Information Access – Integrated Science (SOFIA)arrow
        About: South Florida Information Access (SOFIA) is an interdisciplinary service that provides coherent information access in support of research, decision making, and resource management for the South Florida ecosystem restoration effort.
        Website: http://sofia.usgs.gov/


      Southwest U.S. Change Detection Images - Reno and Lake Tahoe, Nevadaarrow
        About: Landsat images of the Reno-Lake Tahoe area of Nevada, show some effects of natural processes on the landscape, such as burnt area, conifer mortality, forest clear-cutting and dry lake.
        Year: 1986 - 1992
        Scale: Regional
        Cost: FREE
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/sw/changes/natural/reno-tahoe/


      Urban Dynamicsarrow
        About: The Urban Dynamics project analyzes land use change in urban environments in order to provide a historical perspective of land use change and an assessment of the spatial patterns, rates, correlation, trends, and impacts of that change. This project develops and refines methods for land use reconstruction, geographic analysis, modeling, prediction, monitoring, and impacts assessment.
        Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/urban/intro.php


      USGS Abandoned Mine Lands Initiativearrow
        About: The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting an Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) Initiative during the fiscal years 1997 through 2001 to provide technical assistance in support of Federal Land Management Agency (FLMA) actions to remediate contamination associated with abandoned hard rock mining activities.
        Website: http://amli.usgs.gov/


      USGS International Programs at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world. These projects are illustrated in program activities. Projects are developed based on specific requests from other U.S. agencies, NGOs, International Donors, or host countries. Training, capacity building, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing needs assessments, and personnel development are integral components of projects that emphasize both scientific and development activities.
        Website: http://lca.usgs.gov/lca/index.php



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African Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    Central African Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE)arrow
      About: The Central African Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE) is a United States Agency for International Development (USAID) initiative aimed at promoting sustainable natural resource management in the Congo Basin. The Congo Basin forest is the second largest contiguous moist tropical forest in the world and plays a key role in securing the livelihoods of Central African citizens.
      Year: 1941 - Present
      Scale: Local and Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://carpe.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Famine Early Warning Systemarrow
      About: The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS NET) is an information system designed to identify problems in the food supply system that potentially lead to famine, flood, or other food-insecure conditions, in sub-Saharan Africa.
      Year: Decadal to daily
      Scale: Africa, West African Sahel, East Africa and the Horn, Southern Africa.
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://earlywarning.usgs.gov/fews


    Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET)arrow
      About: In 1986, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) established the Famine Early Warning System (FEWS) in an effort to prevent the future occurrence of such a catastrophe. The mission of FEWS was to lower the incidence of drought-induced famine by providing timely and accurate information regarding potential famine conditions to decision makers. In doing so, the ability to address food shortages and other causes of food insecurity before they reach a critical state could be greatly enhanced.
      Year: Current
      Scale: Africa
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.fews.net/Pages/default.aspx Leaving USGS


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 – December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/global-land-cover-2000-europe Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/elevation-products


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    SPOT/VEGETATION Water Bodies (1998 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Water Bodies products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over Africa. In addition to the area of ponds, the products provide information about their seasonality (when they are filled and when they are dry). They cover the period from April 1998 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1998 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Africa: Political and Shaded Relief Maps, by Countryarrow


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/ Leaving USGS


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world. These projects are illustrated in program activities. Projects are developed based on specific requests from other U.S. agencies, NGOs, International Donors, or host countries. Training, capacity building, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing needs assessments, and personnel development are integral components of projects that emphasize both scientific and development activities.
        Website: http://lca.usgs.gov/lca/index.php



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Asian Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    Famine Early Warning System Afghanistanarrow
      About: The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS NET) is an information system designed to identify problems in the food supply system that potentially lead to famine, flood, or other food-insecure conditions, in sub-Saharan Africa.
      Year: Current
      Scale: Afganistan
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://earlywarning.usgs.gov/afghan/


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/global-land-cover-2000-europe Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/elevation-products


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    Tropical Rain Forest Information Centerarrow
      About: The Tropical Rain Forest Information Center (TRFIC) is part of NASA's Federation of Earth Science Information Partners. The objective of the Federation is to experiment with and evolve processes to make Earth system science data easy to preserve, locate, access and use for all beneficial applications, including research, education, and commercial, many of which may cross the Federation membership.
      Scale: Asia
      Website: http://www.trfic.msu.edu/ Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Researcharrow
        About: The Asia Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) is an intergovernmental network for the promotion of global change research and links between science and policy making in the Asia-Pacific Region.
        Website: http://www.apn-gcr.org/ Leaving USGS


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiativearrow
        About: The Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative, (NEESPI), is a currently active, yet strategically evolving program of internationally-supported Earth systems science research, which has as its foci issues in northern Eurasia that are relevant to regional and Global scientific and decision-making communities
        Website: http://neespi.org/ Leaving USGS


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world. These projects are illustrated in program activities. Projects are developed based on specific requests from other U.S. agencies, NGOs, International Donors, or host countries. Training, capacity building, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing needs assessments, and personnel development are integral components of projects that emphasize both scientific and development activities.
        Website: http://lca.usgs.gov/lca/index.php



Back to top
 

European Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    BALANS Land Coverarrow
      About: This Baltic Sea Region GIS, map and statistical database is a result of the Baltic Drainage Basin Project (BDBP). The BDBP was a multi-disciplinary research project under the EU 1991-1994 Environment Research Programme. The Land Cover data layer consists of six classes: Forest, Open Land, Open Water, Urban Land, Glacier, and Unknown Land, which is either Forest or Open Land.
      Year: 1997 - 2000
      Scale: Baltic Sea Region
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.grida.no/baltic/htmls/related.htm Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 1990arrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 1990
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover-1990-raster-2 Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 1990 - 2000 change newarrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 1990 - 2000 change
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover-1 Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 1999 - 2001
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover-2000-raster-2 Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 2000 - 2006 change newarrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 2000 - 2006 change
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 2000 seamless vector data newarrow


    Corine Land Cover 2006 newarrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 2006
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover-2006-raster-2 Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 2006 seamless vector data newarrow


    European Forest Institutearrow
      About: The main aim of the project targets at utilizing most effectively both Earth Observation data and forest statistical information. It applies a previously developed calibration method to produce comprehensive and complete European maps on forest (and within the forest class the sub-classes coniferous and broadleaved) and non-forest/water at 1 x 1 kilometer resolution.
      Year: 2000 - 2001
      Scale: Europe
      Cost: Registration required
      Website: http://www.efi.int/portal/ Leaving USGS


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/global-land-cover-2000-europe Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/elevation-products


    LandMap United Kingdomarrow
      About: The Joint Information Systems Committee funded Landmap Project is a joint project between Manchester InforMation and Associate Services and University College London Dept. of Geomatic Engineering and other project partners. The project provides orthorectified satellite image mosaics of Landsat, SPOT and ERS radar data and a high resolution Digital Elevation Model for the British Isles. This data is available in formats that are readily accessible to users of Geographic Information Systems, Image Processing and Desktop publishing software.
      Year: 1988 - 2005
      Scale: British Isles
      Cost: Nominal cost to noncollobarators
      Website: http://www.landmap.ac.uk/ Leaving USGS


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Multi-Agency Geographic Information for the Countryside (MAGIC)arrow
      About: MAGIC is the first web-based interactive map to bring together information on key environmental schemes and designations in one place. MAGIC is a partnership project involving six government organisations who have responsibilities for rural policy-making and management, and although it has been designed to meet the needs of the partner organisations, the facility is available to anyone over the Internet.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://magic.defra.gov.uk/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      Catalogue of European Watershedsarrow
        About: This catalogue of existing well monitored river-basins across Europe covering a wide range of environmental conditions is the result of a questionnaire which was sent out to representative bodies in Europe with the aim to obtain an idea of the number of watersheds presently being studied in Europe, their characteristics and environmental problems being investigated, and the information available. This site is a searchable database.
        Website: http://www.emwis.org/countries/fol135532/fol567216 Leaving USGS


      European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL)arrow
        About: EARSeL is a scientific network of European remote sensing institutes, coming from both academia and the commercial/industrial sector. EARSeL is unique in that it represents the interests of these institutes rather than individuals, although individual membership is possible. Currently, there are about 250 member laboratories
        Website: http://www.earsel.org/?target=earsel/earsel Leaving USGS


      European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)arrow
        About: The European Commission DG Joint Research Center set up since 1999 a research group to work specifically on the development and implementation of advanced methods for the evaluation of forest fire risk and mapping of burnt areas at the European scale.
        Website: http://effis-viewer.jrc.ec.europa.eu/wmi/viewer.html Leaving USGS


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      Maps and Graphics Libraryarrow
        About: This service is an on-going project to collect and catalogue all graphic products that have been prepared for publications and web-sites from the last 15 years in a wide range of themes related to environment and sustainable development.
        Website: http://maps.grida.no/ Leaving USGS


      The Macaulay Institutearrow
        About: The Macaulay Institute's mission is to be an international leader in research on the sustainable use of land and its natural resources for the benefit of people, their communities and the environment. Located in Aberdeen, Scotland the Macaulay Institute is an international centre for research and consultancy on the environmental and social consequences of rural land uses.
        Website: http://www.macaulay.ac.uk/ Leaving USGS


      The Vital Graphics Seriesarrow
        About: Vital Arctic Graphics is a compilation of illustrations and case studies intended to describe the Arctic, the livelihoods of Arctic indigenous peoples and the future well being of this region. It summarizes some of the key threats to the future sustainability of the Arctic including the rapid pace of climate change, worrying levels of persistent organic and heavy metal pollutants, and increasing natural resource exploration.
        Website: http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/ Leaving USGS



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Central American Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    Famine Early Warning System Central Americaarrow
      About: The Goal of the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) is to strengthen the abilities of foreign countries and regional organizations to manage risk of food insecurity through the provision of timely and analytical early warning and vulnerability information.
      Year: Current
      Scale: Central America
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://earlywarning.usgs.gov/centralamerica/


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/global-land-cover-2000-europe Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/elevation-products


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    USGS Water Resources of the Caribbeanarrow
      About: The U.S.Geological Survey is the Nation's largest natural-science agency and has the principal responsibility within the Federal government for mapping the Nation, assessing its geologic resources and hazards, understanding its natural biological resources, and providing hydrologic information for appraising the Nation's water resources. The Caribbean Water Science Center is primarily involved with conducting water-resources investigations in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
      Year: Annual Reports 1998-2004
      Scale: Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Haiti
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://pr.water.usgs.gov/



    Information Links
      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world.
        Website: http://lca.usgs.gov/lca/index.php



Back to top
 

South American Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/global-land-cover-2000-europe Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/elevation-products


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Aactive Archieve Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    Tropical Rain Forest Information Centerarrow
      About: The Tropical Rain Forest Information Center (TRFIC) is part of NASA's Federation of Earth Science Information Partners. The objective of the Federation is to experiment with and evolve processes to make Earth system science data easy to preserve, locate, access and use for all beneficial applications, including research, education, and commercial, many of which may cross the Federation membership.
      Scale: South America
      Website: http://www.trfic.msu.edu/ Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      South America: Political and Shaded Relief Maps, by Countryarrow


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world.
        Website: http://lca.usgs.gov/lca/index.php



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Australasian Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Aerosol from Earth Observation (GlobAerosol)arrow
      About: The GlobAEROSOL generates daily global aerosol maps for the period 1995-2007 by merging ATSR-2, AATSR, MERIS and SEVIRI satellite data. The products produced are aerosol optical depths at 0.55 and 0.87um and Angstrom coefficient and estimated speciation.
      Year: 1995 - 2007
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globaerosol.info/project_description/data.htm Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/global-land-cover-2000-europe Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/glcc.php


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/elevation-products


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LPDAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      National Carbon Accounting System - Land Cover Changearrow
        About: The National Carbon Accounting System operates one of the largest satellite monitoring programs in the world, providing a comprehensive picture of land cover change over the Australian continent for the past 30 years. The area covers around 7.5 million square kilometres, with environments ranging from desert to rainforest, and through a period of accelerated landscape change. The NCAS uses Landsat satellite imagery to map forest extent at 25 m resolution for several time periods since 1972.
        Year: 1972 - Present
        Scale: National
        Website: http://www.climatechange.gov.au/government/initiatives/national-carbon-accounting.aspx Leaving USGS



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Mixed Datasets

    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    NASA Global Data Setsarrow
      About: The Global Change Master Directory database holds more than 16,000 descriptions of Earth science data sets and services covering all aspects of Earth and environmental sciences.
      Website: http://gcmd.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Elevation Dataset (NED)arrow
      About: National Elevation Dataset is the result of the maturation of the USGS effort to provide 1:24,000-scale digital elevation model data for the conterminous U.S. and 1:63,360-scale digital elevation model data for Alaska. The dataset provides seamless coverage of the United States, HI, AK, and the island territories.
      Website: http://ned.usgs.gov/


    National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)arrow
      About: The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a comprehensive set of digital spatial data that contains information about surface water features such as lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, springs and wells.
      Website: http://edna.usgs.gov/


    New EarthExplorerarrow
      About: Query, browse and order satellite images, aerial photographs, and cartographic products through the U.S. Geological Survey.
      Website: http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/


    The National Map Viewer and Download Platformarrow
      About: Managed by the National Geospatial Program (NGP), The National Map Viewer provides visualization and download of all eight primary themes of The National Map data sets to include US Topo and historical topographic map products. The viewer platform is extended upon the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency's (NGA) Palanterra x3 Viewer.
      Website: http://viewer.nationalmap.gov/viewer/ Leaving USGS



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Other Sites of Interest

    International Charterarrow
      About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
      Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


    Federal Geographic Data Committeearrow
      About: The Federal Geographic Data Committee is an interagency committee that promotes the coordinated development, use, sharing, and dissemination of geospatial data on a national basis.
      Website: http://www.fgdc.gov/dataandservices Leaving USGS


    GeoCommunity – Translatorsarrow


    Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
      About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
      Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE)arrow
      About: GLOBE (Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment) is a worldwide hands-on, primary and secondary school-based education and science program.
      Website: http://www.globe.gov Leaving USGS


    International Human Dimensions Program on Global Environmental Changearrow
      About: The International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change is an international, interdisciplinary, non-governmental science programme dedicated to promoting, catalyzing and coordinating research on the human dimensions of global environmental change.
      Website: http://www.ihdp.unu.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LPDAAC)arrow
      About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
      Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


    Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collectionarrow


    Terrainmaparrow
      About: The site contains an extensive list and free programs for terrain modeling and mapping techniques using Digital Elevation Model, SRTM, SDTS, GLCF, DRG, DLG, DTED ASTER, Landsat, EarthSat, EarthKam, World Wind and JPL Data.
      Website: http://www.terrainmap.com/ Leaving USGS



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USGS Information Links

    The Future of Land Imagingarrow
      About: This site is devoted to the future of land remote sensing. It maintains the most up to date information regarding the U.S. governments plan for the continuity of the Landsat Data record.
      Website: http://www.landimaging.gov/ Leaving USGS



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USGS Science Centers

    Alaska Science Centerarrow
      Location: USGS 4230 University Drive, Rm 101, Anchorage, AK 99508-4664
      Contact: Tel: (907) 786 –7011 Fax: (907) 786-7050
      Website: http://alaska.usgs.gov/


    Earth Resources Observation & Science (EROS) Centerarrow
      Location: USGS EROS, 47914, 252nd Street, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. 57198-001
      Contact: Tel: (605) 594-6151 Fax: (605) 594-6589
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/


    Eastern Geographic Science Center (EGSC)arrow
      Location: USGS National Center, 507 National Center, Reston, Virginia 20192
      Contact: Tel: (703) 648–5953 Fax: (703) 648-5548
      Website: http://egsc.usgs.gov/


    Western Geographic Science Center (WGSC)arrow
      Location: USGS, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, California. 94025
      Contact: Tel: (650) 329-4309 Fax: (650) 329-5130
      Website: http://geography.wr.usgs.gov/



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