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USGS - science for a changing world

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)



Get Land Cover Data

 
 
Click a continent to view a list of land cover links.

Global Map of Data
 

North American Land Cover Data Links

    United States Land Cover Data Links

    ATSR World Fire Atlasarrow
      About: The ATSR World Fire Atlas is the first multi-year Fire Atlas ever developed. It extends from 1995 to present (ERS-2 and ENVISAT). All Hot Spots (including gas flares) with a high temperature at night are precisely located using the 3.7 micron thermal channel.
      Year: November 1995 to Present (processing ongoing)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://earth.esa.int/ers/eeo9/earth_esa.html Leaving USGS


    CLIMSCATarrow
      About: The products consist in monthly Soil Water Indexes (SWI) derived from the ERS Wind Scatterometer. In addition, SWI difference products are also available, which correspond to the difference of the instantaneous measurement with the 92-00 average value.
      Year: January 1992 to February 2001 (Monthly)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.ipf.tuwien.ac.at/radar/index.php?go=ascat Leaving USGS


    Global Aerosol from Earth Observation (GlobAerosol)arrow
      About: The GlobAEROSOL generates daily global aerosol maps for the period 1995-2007 by merging ATSR-2, AATSR, MERIS and SEVIRI satellite data. The products produced are aerosol optical depths at 0.55 and 0.87um and Angstrom coefficient and estimated speciation.
      Year: 1995-2007
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globaerosol.info/project_description/data.htm Leaving USGS


    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    Aerial Photographyarrow


    Climate, Land Use, and Environmental Sensitivity (CLUES)arrow
      About: Climate modeling studies indicate that vegetation cover, in turn, has a strong influence on regional climates, and this must be better understood before models can estimate future environmental conditions. To address these issues, this project investigates vegetational response to climatic change, and vegetation-land surface impacts on climate change.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://esp.cr.usgs.gov/info/clues/


    Ecoregion Maps of North America - James Omernikarrow
      About: Ecoregions denote areas of general similarity in ecosystems and in the type, quality, and quantity of environmental resources. They are designed to serve as a spatial framework for the research, assessment, management, and monitoring of ecosystems and ecosystem components. James Omernik`s pioneering ecoregion maps level one through five are available through this site.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: North America
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.epa.gov/wed/pages/ecoregions.htm Leaving USGS


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow
      About: The FAO forestry web site provides pages of information, access to all of FAO`s forest-related databases, detailed country profiles and links to documents on all aspects of forestry. Recent additions include new sites on forest fire, national forest programs and forest reproductive material, among others.
      Year: 1990-2005
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.fao.org/forestry/country/en/ Leaving USGS


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/1kmhomepage.php


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://bioval.jrc.ec.europa.eu/products/glc2000/glc2000.php Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.landcover.org/index.shtml Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Survey Visualization Interface newarrow
      About: The USGS EROS Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) GLS Visualization Interface (http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/) was released today. The new interface allows users to immediately download Global Land Survey (GLS) 2010 and GLS 2005 Surface Reflectance Products. GLS 2000 surface reflectance products will be available soon as well. In addition, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes from 1984 to April 14, 2012 can also be processed to surface reflectance for scientific evaluation through the ESPA Ordering Interface (https://espa.cr.usgs.gov). A username and password is required; to receive the login details, please complete the Contact Us Form, selecting the topic Surface Reflectance Data Request. Landsat Provisional Surface Reflectance Products (LPSRP) are created using the Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System (LEDAPS) software developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Version: November 24, 2011). Additional details about LPSRP and LEDAPS software can be found at http://landsat.usgs.gov/PLSRP.php.
      Website: http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/


    Global Maparrow
      About: The Global Map Data have 8 thematic layers. They are Boundaries, Transportation, Drainage, Population Centers, Elevation, Vegetation, Land use and Land cover. The digital geographic information is in 1 km resolution covering the earth's surface with a standardized specification.
      Year: 2000 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Registration Required/ Cost
      Website: http://www.iscgm.org/cgi-bin/fswiki/wiki.cgi Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global SPOT/VGT Surface Albedo (1999 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Surface Albedo products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over the globe. They include the broadband ([0.4, 0.7µm], [0.7, 4µm], [0.3 - 4µm]) black-sky and the white-sky albedo. These products cover the period from 1999 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1999 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://worldwildlife.org/biomes Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/#/Find_Data/Products_and_Data_Available/gtopo30_info


    http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/arrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    Land Information Ontarioarrow
      About: Land information Ontario (LIO) was created by the Ministry of Natural Resources in 1999 as a three-year project to create an information infrastructure that would support the province-wide sharing of geospatial data. At the end of the project, LIO was continued as a program to operate and manage the infrastructure that it had created. LIO works to ensure that Ontario's geospatial land information is accessible, well-managed, easy to integrate and affordable.
      Year: 1999 - Present
      Scale: National
      Website: http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/LIO/index.html Leaving USGS


    Mangrove Forests of the World (2000)arrow
      About: The database was prepared using Landsat satellite data of the year 2000. More than 1,000 Landsat scenes obtained from USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS) were classified using hybrid supervised and unsupervised digital image classification techniques. This database is the first most comprehensive mangrove assessment of the world (Giri et al., 2011).
      Year: 2000
      Website: http://earthengine.google.org/#state=detail&assetId=LANDSAT/MANGROVE_FORESTS Leaving USGS


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°X1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Active Fire Mapping Programarrow
      About: These data depict MODIS active fire detections (updated hourly) for North America and were collected and compiled by the USDA Forest Service Remote Sensing Applications Center. Fire detection data are derived from Terra and Aqua MODIS data collected and processed in cooperation between RSAC, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, and the University of Maryland.
      Year: 2001 - Present
      Scale: National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://activefiremaps.fs.fed.us/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    NASA's North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) newarrow
      About: NLDAS is a collaborative project between NASA GSFC, NOAA, Princeton University, and the University of Washington. The NLDAS project has created surface meteorological forcing data sets using the best-available observations and re-analyses. The forcing data sets are used to drive four separate land-surface models (LSMs) to produce data sets of soil moisture, snow, runoff, and surface fluxes. Additional information about NLDAS is available from: http://ldas.gsfc.nasa.gov/nldas/ and from http://www.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/mmb/nldas/. The latter site also hosts the near real-time NLDAS Drought Monitor.
      Year: 1979 to Present
      Cost: No Cost
      Website: http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/datareleases/nldas_monthly_data_release Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model (DEM) coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Resources Inventoryarrow


    National Snow and Ice Data Centerarrow
      About: Polar ice sheet elevation data sets are available to create surface elevation maps of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. The maps contribute to the study of glaciers, ice sheets, ice streams, and ice shelves. Many of the maps produced from elevation data sets are Digital Elevation Models, which facilitate ice sheet mass balance investigations and tracking of long-term changes in the polar ice sheets. National Snow and Ice Data Center provides cryospheric data and information gathered from such sources as remote sensing instruments, ground measurements, and models.
      Year: 1978 to Present
      Scale: Greenland, Arctic, and Antarctic
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://nsidc.org/data/land_surface.html Leaving USGS


    National Wetland Inventory (Wetlands Mapper)arrow
      About: The National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) produces and provides information on the characteristics, extent, and status of the Nation's wetlands and deepwater habitats and other wildlife habitats. The Wetlands Mapper provides improved views and access to a seamless wetland habitat geodatabase.
      Year: 1980s and 1990s photography.
      Scale: Local, regional, and national
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.fws.gov/wetlands/Data/Mapper.html Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Ontario Land Use Planning Linksarrow


    Ontario Provincial Land Cover Data Basearrow
      About: The Ontario Land Cover Data base is the first land cover classification in Canada to be completed for an entire province wholly from satellite remote sensing data. The database was produced in none segments (termed tiles) under three programs of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) between 1991 and 1998. The Land Cover data was derived from digital, multispectral Landsat Thematic Mapper data. Revised Data (Provincial Land Cover Data Base 2000) is available for Northern Ontario and is based on Landsat images flown between 1998 and 2002.
      Year: 1991 - 1998
      Scale: National
      Cost: This data is licensed for use by Students, Faculty and Staff of the University of Guelph.
      Contact: libgis@uoguelph.ca
      Website: http://geoconnections.nrcan.gc.ca Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    Southeast Florida Coral Initiative Viewerarrow
      About: In 2000, the United States Coral Reef Task Force (USCRTF) adopted a National Action Plan to conserve coral reefs. With guidance from the USCRTF, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission coordinated the formation of a team of interagency and non-agency marine resource professionals, scientist, resource users and other stakeholders. This team, known as the Southeast Florida Coral Reef Initiative Team (SEFCRI Team), first gathered in May 2003 to develop local action strategies targeting coral reefs and associated reef resources from Miami-Dade County, through Broward, Palm Beach and Martin Counties, to improve the coordination of technical and financial support for the conservation and management of coral reefs. The Southeast Florida Coral Reef Initiative (SEFCRI) is targeting this region because the coral habitats are close to shore and co-exist with intensely urbanized areas that lack a coordinated management plan (like that of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary).
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://ocean.floridamarine.org/sefcri/viewer.htm Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    Terraserver - USAarrow
      About: The TerraServer-USA Web site is one of the world's largest online databases, providing free public access to a vast data store of maps and aerial photographs of the United States. TerraServer is designed to work with commonly available computer systems and Web browsers over slow speed communications links. The TerraServer name is a play on words, with 'Terra' referring to the 'earth' or 'land' and also to the terabytes of images stored on the site.
      Year: 1980 Present
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.terraserver.com/view.asp?tid=142 Leaving USGS


    United States Department of Agriculture - Crop Explorerarrow
      About: Provides information on crops and conditions by region, satellite images, live data and maps, with links to production estimates, area, yield, and crop assessments.
      Year: 2008
      Scale: Continental
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/cropexplorer/index.cfm Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Americas: Political and Shaded Relief Maps, by Countryarrow


      Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA)arrow
        About: Since 1989, the Grant F. Walton Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis (CRSSA) has been located in a dedicated two-story section of the Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences building on the Cook College campus of Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. CRSSA provides students, faculty, staff, and other researchers with state-of-the-art facilities for remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) teaching and research.
        Website: http://deathstar.rutgers.edu/crssa_sum2.html Leaving USGS


      Global Change Researcharrow
        About: USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole-system understanding of the interrelationships among earth surface processes, ecological systems, and human activities. Activities of the program focus on documenting, analyzing, and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological, biological, hydrological, and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/


      Land Use History of North America (LUHNA) newarrow
        About: In late 1994, the National Biological Service (NBS), now the Biological Resources Division (BRD) of the U. S. Geological Survey, initiated a program to develop an historical atlas of North American landscapes. Initial efforts included a workshop and a series of pilot projects funded jointly by USGS and NASA's Earth Sciences Enterprise. These efforts integrated perspectives in geography, ecology, environmental history, sociology, statistics, and cartography. Note:The LUHNA project is no longer an active USGS/NASA research project. This web site serves as an archive to maintain the visibility of the important work done by the LUHNA project team.
        Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/luhna/


      The Atlas of Canadaarrow
        About: The Atlas of Canada provides authoritative, current and accessible geographic information products at a national level. Working with partners, the Atlas facilitates the integration and analysis of diverse data in order to increase overall knowledge about Canada.
        Year: N/A
        Scale: National
        Cost: FREE
        Website: http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/environment/land Leaving USGS


      United Nations Environmental Programarrow
        About: The North American Node of UNEP GRID, located at the USGS EROS Data Center, is in the forefront of applying information technology tools such as remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and web mapping to address the relationships between the environment and human populations.
        Website: http://grid2.cr.usgs.gov/


      United States Global Change Research Programarrow
        About: The U.S. Global Change Research Program supports research on the interactions of natural and human-induced changes in the global environment and their implications for society.
        Website: http://www.globalchange.gov/ Leaving USGS


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world. These projects are illustrated in program activities. Projects are developed based on specific requests from other U.S. agencies, NGOs, International Donors, or host countries. Training, capacity building, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing needs assessments, and personnel development are integral components of projects that emphasize both scientific and development activities.
        Website: http://edcintl.cr.usgs.gov/



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United States Land Cover Data Links

    Aquifers of Alluvial and Glacial Originarrow
      About: Compiled by the USGS this map shows alluvial aquifers, which are those that were deposited by a stream or other body of running water in a streambed, on a flood plain, on a delta, or at the base of a mountain. Glacial aquifers are formations that were deposited by a glacier. This map layer was compiled by the USGS.
      Year: 1992-1997
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/alvaqfp.html Leaving USGS


    ATSR World Fire Atlasarrow
      About: The ATSR World Fire Atlas is the first multi-year Fire Atlas ever developed. It extends from 1995 to present (ERS-2 and ENVISAT). All Hot Spots (including gas flares) with a high temperature at night are precisely located using the 3.7 micron thermal channel
      Year: November 1995 to Present (processing ongoing)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://earth.esa.int/ers/eeo9/earth_esa.html Leaving USGS


    CLIMSCATarrow
      About: The products consist in monthly Soil Water Indexes (SWI) derived from the ERS Wind Scatterometer. In addition, SWI difference products are also available, which correspond to the difference of the instantaneous measurement with the 92-00 average value.
      Year: January 1992 to February 2001 (Monthly)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.ipf.tuwien.ac.at/radar/index.php?go=ascat Leaving USGS


    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    1:250,000-scale Hydrologic Units of the United Statesarrow
      About: The Geographic Information Retrieval and Analysis System (GIRAS) was developed in the mid 70s to put into digital form a number of data layers which were of interest to the USGS. One of these data layers was the Hydrologic Units. The map is based on the Hydrologic Unit Maps published by the U.S. Geological Survey Office of Water Data Coordination, together with the list descriptions and name of region, subregion, accounting units, and cataloging unit. The hydrologic units are encoded with an eight- digit number that indicates the hydrologic region (first two digits), hydrologic subregion (second two digits), accounting unit (third two digits), and cataloging unit (fourth two digits).
      Year: Revised May 2006
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/metadata/usgswrd/XML/huc250k.xml


    Alaska 1991 AVHRR Land Cover Characteristicsarrow
      About: Advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) satellite data were acquired and composited into twice a month periods from 1 May 1991 to 15 October 1991 to map vegetation characteristics over the Alaskan landscape. Unique spatial and temporal qualities of the AVHRR data provide information that leads to a better understanding of regional biophysical characteristics of vegetation communities and patterns. These data provided synoptic views of the landscape and depicted phenological diversity, temporal vegetation phenology (green-up, peak of green, and senescence), photosynthetic activity, and regional landscape patterns. Products generated from the data included a phenological class map, phenological composite maps (onset, peak, and duration), and photosynthetic activity maps (mean and maximum greenness).
      Year: 1991
      Scale: State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://agdc.usgs.gov/data/usgs/erosafo/ak_avhrr/1991ak_avhrr.html


    Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI)arrow
      About: In response to indications of worldwide declines in amphibian populations, the President and Congress directed Interior Department agencies to initiate a national program of amphibian monitoring, research, and conservation. As a result, the Agency formed the National Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative.
      Year: 2000 to present
      Scale: Local, regional and national
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://armi.usgs.gov/


    Arsenic in Ground Water of the United Statesarrow
      About: The Arsenic in Ground Water of the United States image was generated from the most recent arsenic measurement available for each of 31,350 wells and springs across the United States. It shows national-scale patterns of naturally occurring arsenic in potable ground-water resources of the continental United States and Puerto Rico.
      Year: 1973-2001
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/metadata/arsenci020l.faq.html Leaving USGS


    Atlas of United States Treesarrow
      About: Maps of the ranges of tree species in North America compiled by Elbert Little, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and others were digitized for use in USGS' vegetation-climate modeling studies. These digital map files are available here for download.
      Year: 1966 - 1978
      Scale: National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://esp.cr.usgs.gov/data/atlas/little/


    Bailey's Ecoregions and Subregions of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islandsarrow
      About: Ecoregions are ecosystems of regional extent. Bailey's ecoregions distinguish areas that share common climatic and vegetation characteristics. A four-level hierarchy is used to differentiate the ecoregions, with the broadest classification being the domain. Domains are groups of related climates and are differentiated based on precipitation and temperature.
      Year: 2004
      Scale: National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/ecoregp.html Leaving USGS


    California - Land Resource Protectionarrow


    California Land Cover Mapping and Monitoring Programarrow
      About: The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection and the USDA Forest Service conduct land cover mapping and monitoring to enhance fire protection and natural resource management on public and private lands in California. This program uses Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) satellite imagery to map land cover types and derive land cover changes across all ownerships. The state is covered in five unique project areas. One project area is completed each year, then revisited and updated every fifth year.
      Year: 1950 - present
      Scale: Cascade Northeast, North Coast, Northern Sierra, South Coast and Southern Sierra.
      Cost: Cost
      Website: http://frap.cdf.ca.gov/projects/land_cover/index.html Leaving USGS


    Causes of Forest Fragmentation in the United States, 1km, 270m 540marrow
      About: The Causes of Forest Fragmentation map layers were derived from NLCD by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). These map layers are grid maps of the conterminous United States, showing both forest connectivity and whether fragmentation is from human or natural causes. The layers are the first to identify sources of forest fragmentation, and may be useful for decision makers in identifying forest areas for protection or restoration.
      Year: 1992
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/frfrg2i.html Leaving USGS


    Central Nebraska Basins Study Unitarrow
      About: To address the need for consistent and scientifically sound information for managing the Nation's water resources, the U.S. Geological Survey began a full-scale National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program in 1991. This program is unique compared to other national water-quality assessment studies in that it integrates the monitoring of surface- and ground-water chemistry with the study of aquatic ecosystems.
      Year: 1991 - Present
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://ne.water.usgs.gov/html/Nawqa/


    Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP)arrow
      About: The NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program is a nationally standardized database of land cover and change information, developed using remotely sensed imagery, for the coastal regions of the U.S. Coastal Change Analysis Program land cover products inventory coastal intertidal areas, wetlands, and adjacent uplands with the goal of monitoring changes in these habitats, on a one-to-five year cycle. This effort is in conjunction with the National Land Cover Dataset 2001.
      Year: 2001
      Scale: Coastal States of the US only
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.csc.noaa.gov/crs/lca/ccap.html Leaving USGS


    Coastal Great Lakes Land Coverarrow
      About: For this project, the NOAA Coastal Services Center created land cover and change data for the Great Lakes region (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin) according to Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) standards. These data are the first coastal land cover information available region-wide for the Great Lakes since 1992.
      Year: Michigan: 1995 - 2000, All Other States: 1996 - 2001
      Scale: State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.csc.noaa.gov/crs/lca/hawaii.html Leaving USGS


    Energy Consumption - Estimated Energy per Capita, 1960-2001arrow
      About: The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. EIA conducts statistical surveys of energy producers, businesses, transporters, and other users; analyzes issues about energy including economics, technology, energy production, prices, distribution, storage, consumption, and environmental effects; and produces forecasts of supply, consumption, prices, and other important factors. These policy-independent data, forecasts, and analyses are used to promote sound policy making, efficient markets, and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment.
      Year: 1960-2001
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/ete000t.html Leaving USGS


    Federal Lands of the United Statesarrow
      About: National parks, national wildlife refuges, military reservations, Federal prisons, and public-domain land are all examples of lands owned or administered by the Government of the United States. The Federal Government is responsible for managing and protecting these lands to preserve the resources of the United States, to conduct the business of the Government, and to provide recreational and other opportunities to the public. This map layer was compiled by the National Atlas of the United States®.
      Year: 1972-2005
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/fedlanp.html Leaving USGS


    Forest Inventory and Analysis Programarrow
      About: Provides information about timber harvesting and timber use across the United States. Also there is a site to allow users to create tabular summaries, make maps and/or download data by state and Inventory.
      Year: Varies per State
      Scale: State
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://fia.fs.fed.us/ Leaving USGS


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    Front Range Infrastructure Resources Project (FRIRP) - select land for a list of datasetsarrow
      About: These high-resolution land use and land cover (LULC) data sets were generated as part of the Land Characterization research activities for the Front Range Infrastructure Resources Project.
      Year: 1930, 1950, 1970, and 1990
      Scale: Colorado
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://rockyweb.cr.usgs.gov/frontrange/datasets.htm


    Gap Analysis Programarrow
      About: The goal of the GAP Analysis Program is to keep common species common by identifying those species and plant communities that are not adequately represented in existing conservation lands. GAP is organized on a project basis. Most states have conducted an analysis of their own land cover and vertebrate biodiversity. Regional mapping projects have begun, as have some aquatic projects. These pages provide content detailing the status of projects, as well as links to project contacts, products, and home pages.
      Year: 1995 to present
      Scale: Local, regional and national
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/gap-analysis/


    Geospatial One Stop - geodata.govarrow
      About: geodata.gov will help you: Find Data or Map Services, Make a Map, Browse Community Information, and Cooperate on Data Acquisitions. You may also save searches, maps, and your favorite geography to re-use later. A simple registration process opens up these personalization options.
      Year: Historical - Present
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.usgs.gov/ngpo/ngp_gos.html


    GIRAS Landuse/Landcover data for the Conterminous United States by quadrangles at scale 1:250,000arrow
      About: This is land use/land cover digital data collected by USGS and converted to ARC/INFO by the EPA. This data is useful for environmental assessment of land use patterns with respect to water quality analysis, growth management, and other types of environmental impact assessment. Use may be limited due to currency.
      Year: 1977 - 1980
      Scale: Water Basin
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/2006/240/


    Global Aerosol from Earth Observation (GlobAerosol)arrow
      About: The GlobAEROSOL generates daily global aerosol maps for the period 1995-2007 by merging ATSR-2, AATSR, MERIS and SEVIRI satellite data. The products produced are aerosol optical depths at 0.55 and 0.87um and Angstrom coefficient and estimated speciation.
      Year: 1995-2007
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globaerosol.info/project_description/data.htm Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://bioval.jrc.ec.europa.eu/products/glc2000/glc2000.php Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Survey Visualization Interface newarrow
      About: The USGS EROS Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) GLS Visualization Interface (http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/) was released today. The new interface allows users to immediately download Global Land Survey (GLS) 2010 and GLS 2005 Surface Reflectance Products. GLS 2000 surface reflectance products will be available soon as well. In addition, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes from 1984 to April 14, 2012 can also be processed to surface reflectance for scientific evaluation through the ESPA Ordering Interface (https://espa.cr.usgs.gov). A username and password is required; to receive the login details, please complete the Contact Us Form, selecting the topic Surface Reflectance Data Request. Landsat Provisional Surface Reflectance Products (LPSRP) are created using the Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System (LEDAPS) software developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Version: November 24, 2011). Additional details about LPSRP and LEDAPS software can be found at http://landsat.usgs.gov/PLSRP.php.
      Website: http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global SPOT/VGT Surface Albedo (1999 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Surface Albedo products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over the globe. They include the broadband ([0.4, 0.7µm], [0.7, 4µm], [0.3 - 4µm]) black-sky and the white-sky albedo. These products cover the period from 1999 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1999 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    Ground Water Climate Response Networkarrow
      About: The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Water Resources Program, in cooperation with hundreds of Federal, State, and local agencies, collects nationally-consistent information about the Nation's ground water resources and helps define and manage those resources.
      Year: 2005
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/gwwst0x.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/#/Find_Data/Products_and_Data_Available/gtopo30_info


    Hawaii Land Cover Analysisarrow
      About: This project was accomplished through the assistance of the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, the Hawaii Coastal Zone Management Program, other agencies associated with the Hawaii Gap Analysis Program (U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, University of Hawaii, Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii, Hawaii Natural Heritage Program), and the U.S. Geological Survey EROS Data Center. For this project, the NOAA Coastal Services Center created the first comprehensive baseline land cover map for the Hawaiian Islands.
      Year: 2000
      Scale: State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.csc.noaa.gov/crs/lca/hawaii.html Leaving USGS


    Indian Lands of the United Statesarrow
      About: Indian lands are areas with boundaries established by treaty, statute, and (or) executive or court order, recognized by the Federal Government as territory in which American Indian tribes have primary governmental authority. The Bureau of Indian Affairs is responsible for the administration and management of 55.7 million acres of land held in trust by the United States for American Indians, Indian tribes, and Alaska Natives, and maintains a list of the 562 Federally recognized tribal governments. This map layer was compiled by the National Atlas of the United States®.
      Year: 2005
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/indlanp.html Leaving USGS


    kentucky Geological Survey GeoPortalarrow
      About: Users of KGSGeoPortal specify a geographic area of interest by selecting a method (e.g., county name, coordinate location, or stream name) and specifying a value for that feature type. A basemap shows the area selected and the user can refine the map extent by using zoom or pan functions. Links to other Internet services can then be initiated using the coordinate extents of the map. The linked services start in a new browser window, so that multiple services can be compared. The feature for linking to other services can also be imbedded in existing internet map services to provide service-to-service functionality.
      Scale: State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.uky.edu/KGS/ Leaving USGS


    Lake Tahoe Data Clearinghousearrow
      About: This Lake Tahoe Data Clearinghouse website, created and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey in partnership with Federal, State, tribal, and local agencies and groups, is a gateway to information and data on Lake Tahoe and its basin.
      Year: 1997 to present
      Scale: Lake Tahoe
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://tahoe.usgs.gov/


    Land Cover Analysisarrow
      About: This Web site provides land cover mapping data, tools, and assistance to the coastal management community. The NOAA Coastal Services Center works with resource managers and mapping professionals to promote the use of land cover mapping to address coastal management issues.
      Scale: U.S. coastal zone
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.csc.noaa.gov/crs/lca/ Leaving USGS


    Land Cover Analysis Tool (LCAT)arrow
      About: In 2006, the Eastern Geographic Science Center began a joint project to develop a custom application to provide enhanced public access to USGS’s National Land Cover Database (NLCD). The resulting Land Cover Analysis Tool (LCAT) allows users to quickly locate, display, and download data from the National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD) , including the recently developed NLCD Change Product, which displays changes in land cover between 1992 and 2001.
      Year: NLCD 1992 & 2001
      Scale: Conterminous US & Alaska
      Cost: No Charge
      Contact: John Aguinaldo [ jagui@usgs.gov ]
      Website: http://lcat.usgs.gov/


    Land Cover Diversityarrow
      About: Land cover diversity data describe the variety of land covers surrounding a particular location. If only a few land cover types are found nearby, the diversity index is low. If many types of land cover are found nearby, the diversity index is high.
      Year: 1992-1993
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/lcdvrsi.html Leaving USGS


    Land Cover Trendsarrow
      About: Land Cover Trends is a research project focused on understanding the rates, trends, causes, and consequences of contemporary U.S. land use and land cover change. The rates of land use and land cover change are estimated using a stratified random sampling of 10-km by 10-km blocks allocated within an ecoregion-based spatial framework. The Land Cover Trends project uses the Environmental Protection Agency defined Level III ecoregions as the spatial framework for national assessment and reporting.
      Year: 1973 to 2001 (working project - not all data available)
      Scale: Ecoregion format, USA
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://landcovertrends.usgs.gov/


    Landfire Projectarrow
      About: LANDFIRE produces digital geospatial data describing existing vegetation composition and structure; potential fire behavior and effects; fuel models; simulated historical fire regimes; and fire regime condition class. Mapped data is produced based on peer-reviewed science from the fields of remote sensing, ecosystem simulation, predictive landscape modeling, vegetation and disturbance ecology, and fire behavior and effects.
      Year: 2006, 2008, 2009 (working project - not all data available)
      Scale: Zonal format, USA
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.landfire.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Landsat Dataarrow
      About: Landsat satellites have been collecting images of the Earth's surface for more than thirty years. NASA launched the first Landsat satellite in 1972, and the most recent one, Landsat 7, in 1999. Instruments onboard the satellites have acquired millions of images of the Earth. These images provide a unique resource for people who work in agriculture, geology, forestry, regional planning, education, mapping, and global change research.
      Year: 1984 - Present
      Scale: National
      Cost: COSTS
      Website: http://landsat.usgs.gov/


    Landslide Monitoringarrow
      About: Monitoring is essential to predicting the behavior of landslides and forecasting which storms can trigger large numbers of landslides. Scientists in the USGS Landslide Hazards Program monitor selected landslides and hillsides in order to learn more about the physical processes that trigger landslides or control their movement
      Year: Varies per study site
      Location: California, Washington, Colorado, Oregon
      Website: http://landslides.usgs.gov/monitoring/


    Major Dams of the United Statesarrow
      About: The National Inventory of Dams (NID) is a collection of information about dams in the United States and its territories, produced by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The National Inventory of Dams contains more than 79,000 dams, provided voluntarily by a wide variety of agencies. This information is used to track information on the country's water control infrastructure and to allocate Federal resources for dam safety programs.
      Year: 2002-2004
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/dams00x.html Leaving USGS


    Modeling Urban Expansion in the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area; A Cellular Automata Approacharrow
      About: Historical land-use data from the twentieth century was used as input to the SLEUTH land-use change model, a Cellular Automata model developed by Keith Clarke at the University of California at Santa Barbara, to produce projections of urban expansion in the Philadelphia metropolitan area.
      Year: Historical – past 50 years
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://mcmcweb.er.usgs.gov/de_river_basin/phil/gis.html


    MODIS Active Fire Mapping Regional Mapsarrow
      About: The MODIS Active Fire Maps provide coverage for each of the eleven Geographic Areas of the United States in addition to an overview map for the eastern and western United States. Geographic areas are areas designated by the wildland fire protection agencies, where these agencies work together to coordinate and effectively utilize fire suppression resources. Some Geographic Areas cover very large areas and are subdivided into smaller "Sub Geographic Area Maps" for cartographic purposes.
      Year: Since 1st January of the current year
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://firemapper.sc.egov.usda.gov/activefiremaps.php Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    NASA's North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) newarrow
      About: NLDAS is a collaborative project between NASA GSFC, NOAA, Princeton University, and the University of Washington. The NLDAS project has created surface meteorological forcing data sets using the best-available observations and re-analyses. The forcing data sets are used to drive four separate land-surface models (LSMs) to produce data sets of soil moisture, snow, runoff, and surface fluxes. Additional information about NLDAS is available from: http://ldas.gsfc.nasa.gov/nldas/ and from http://www.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/mmb/nldas/. The latter site also hosts the near real-time NLDAS Drought Monitor.
      Year: 1979 to Present
      Cost: No Cost
      Website: http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/datareleases/nldas_monthly_data_release Leaving USGS


    National Land Cover Database 2001 (NLCD 2001)arrow
      About: The National Land Cover Database 2001 is a 21-class land cover classification scheme applied consistently over the United States and Puerto Rico. It is an updated product from the NLCD1992, which in addition will also include percent impervious and percent tree canopy cover. The resolution is 30 meters.
      Year: 2001
      Scale: Continental, State
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.mrlc.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Land Cover Database 2006 (NLCD 2006) newarrow
      About: NLCD 2006 quantifies land cover and land cover change between the years 2001 to 2006 and provides an updated version of NLCD 2001. These products represent the first time this type of 30-meter cell land cover change has been produced for the conterminous United States. Products were generated by comparing spectral characteristics of Landsat imagery between 2001 and 2006, on an individual path/row basis, using protocols to identify and label change based on the trajectory from NLCD 2001 products. A formal accuracy assessment of the NLCD 2006 land cover change product is planned for 2011.
      Year: 2006
      Scale: Continental, State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.mrlc.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Land Cover Database 2011 (NLCD 2011) newarrow
      About: National Land Cover Database 2011 (NLCD 2011) is the most recent national land cover product created by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics (MRLC) Consortium. NLCD 2011 provides - for the first time - the capability to assess wall-to-wall, spatially explicit, national land cover changes and trends across the United States from 2001 to 2011. As with two previous NLCD land cover products NLCD 2011 keeps the same 16-class land cover classification scheme that has been applied consistently across the United States at a spatial resolution of 30 meters. NLCD 2011 is based primarily on a decision-tree classification of circa 2011 Landsat satellite data.
      Year: 2011
      Scale: Continental, State
      Cost: FREE
      Contact: custserv@usgs.gov
      Website: http://www.mrlc.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Land Cover Dataset 1992 (NLCD 1992)arrow
      About: Derived from circular 1990s Landsat Thematic Mapper satellite data, the National Land Cover Dataset is a 21-class land cover classification scheme applied consistently over the United States. The spatial resolution of the data is 30 meters.
      Year: 1992
      Scale: State
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/natllandcover.php


    National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Programarrow
      About: The U.S. Geological Survey began its National Water Quality Assessment program in 1991, systematically collecting chemical, biological, and physical water quality data from 42 study units (basins) across the nation. Site, basin and, well and network characteristics and daily stream flow of just some of the many variables available for download.
      Year: 1991 to Present
      Scale: Local, regional, and national
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://infotrek.er.usgs.gov/traverse/f?p=NAWQA:HOME:3601090624052098588


    Nebraska Department of Natural Resourcesarrow
      About: The purpose of the Data Bank is to develop, store, process and manage natural resources data relating to land and water resources of the State, and make the information available to government agencies and the general public in a user-friendly and timely manner.
      Year: 1969 - Present
      Scale: State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.dnr.ne.gov/databank/dbindex.html Leaving USGS


    Nebraska Geospatial Data Centerarrow
      About: The Nebraska Geospatial Data Center provides internet access to a wide variety of geospatial databases developed and/or maintained by various state, federal and local government agencies, academic institutions, and private entities.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: County, State
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.dnr.ne.gov/databank/geospatial.html Leaving USGS


    NOAA Digital Coast: Legislative Atlasarrow
      About: A growing number of regional collaborations are forming among federal, state, and local agencies across the country to address management issues that cut across existing political and jurisdictional boundaries. The Legislative Atlas supports regional ocean and coastal management efforts by mapping key state and federal laws and jurisdictions. Use this site to find: • A searchable database of coastal and ocean legislation • State and federal legislative and agency summaries • Downloadable spatial data and metadata • On-line mapping
      Year: 1976 - Present
      Scale: National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.csc.noaa.gov/legislativeatlas/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Principal Aquifers of the 48 Conterminous United States, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islandsarrow
      About: The Principal Aquifers of the 48 Conterminous United States, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands map layer shows those aquifers that supply ground water. For each geographic area, the aquifer shown is generally the uppermost principal aquifer. Each principal aquifer is classified as one of six types of permeable geologic material: unconsolidated deposits of sand and gravel, semiconsolidated sand, sandstone, carbonate rocks, interbedded sandstone and carbonate rocks, or basalt and other types of volcanic rock.
      Year: 2003
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/aquifrp.html Leaving USGS


    River Observations for Management Applications (ROMA) Projectarrow
      About: This project address the need to integrate and apply information to help understand the consequences that land surface changes have on sediment erosion and deposition that is critical to managing the natural resources of the watershed and the Chesapeake Bay.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://egsc.usgs.gov/rit/


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1km (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/species/ Leaving USGS


    The National Hydrography Datasetarrow
      About: The National Hydrography Dataset is the culmination of recent cooperative efforts of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Geological Survey. It combines the best of the EPA Reach File Version 3.0 (RF3) and USGS Digital Line Graph hydrography files: hydrologic ordering, hydrologic navigation for modeling applications, and a unique identifier (reach code) for surface water features from RF3; and the spatial accuracy and comprehensiveness of DLG hydrography.
      Year: Dependant upon the production date of the initial linework and whether this linework was updated when the DLG files were created by USGS. Therefore the vintage of the linework can vary from the 1950s to the mid-1980s.
      Scale: Conterminous US = 1:100,000, Puerto Rico = 1:20,000, Virgin Islands = 1:24,000 and Alaska = 1:63,360.
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://nhd.usgs.gov/


    The Plate River Programarrow
      About: Nine endangered species use the central Platte River Valley for habitat, including the whooping crane, piping plover, and least tern. Changes in water and land use have transformed the river channel and altered adjacent wet meadows. With changes in the hydrology of the river and the structure of riparian habitats, the sustainability of migratory and resident birds and other biota have been brought into question.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.platteriverprogram.org/Pages/default.aspx Leaving USGS


    Twentieth-Century Land Surface Changes in the Delaware Water Gap Basin, a Temporal GIS Analysisarrow
      About: Methods of integrating land-surface data and measuring change with time are being tested on historical land use/land cover data of the Delaware Water Gap watershed area in Pennsylvania.
      Year: Data Ranges 1893 - 1999
      Scale: Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://mcmcweb.er.usgs.gov/de_river_basin/de_water_gap/index.html


    U.S. Department of Laborarrow
      About: The Bureau of Labor Statistics is the principal fact-finding agency for the Federal Government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics.The BLS is an independent national statistical agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates essential statistical data to the American public, the U.S. Congress, other Federal agencies, State and local governments, business, and labor. The BLS also serves as a statistical resource to the Department of Labor.
      Year: 1996 - Present
      Scale: Lcoal, Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?bls Leaving USGS


    United States Department of Agriculture - Crop Explorerarrow
      About: Provides information on crops and conditions by region, satellite images, live data and maps, with links to production estimates, area, yield, and crop assessments.
      Year: 2008
      Scale: Continental
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/cropexplorer/index.cfm Leaving USGS


    United States Forest Typesarrow
      About: This map layer portrays general forest cover types for the United States. Data were derived from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) composite images recorded during the 1991 growing season, with the exception of Puerto Rico, for which Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data were used. A total of 25 classes of forest cover types were interpreted from the AVHRR and TM imagery, aided by field observations and refined with ancillary data from digital elevation models.
      Year: 1991
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://www.nationalatlas.gov/mld/foresti.html Leaving USGS


    United States Phenologyarrow
      About: The U.S. Geological Survey for Earth Resources Observation and Science has produced greenness information of the conterminous U.S. and Alaska using -km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data for almost 20 years.
      Year: January 1989 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://phenology.cr.usgs.gov/


    US Census Bureauarrow
      About: The Census Bureau serves as the leading source of quality data about the nation's people and economy.
      Year: 1870 - Present however, data availability varies per topic
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.census.gov/ Leaving USGS


    USDA Census of Agriculturearrow
      About: The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) conducts hundreds of surveys every year and prepares reports covering virtually every aspect of U.S. agriculture-production and supplies of food and fiber, prices paid and received by farmers, farm labor and wages, farm finances, chemical use, and changes in the demographics of U.S. producers to name a few.
      Year: 1863 - Present
      Scale: Local, Regional, and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.nass.usda.gov/index.asp Leaving USGS


    USGS Center for LIDAR Information Coordination and Knowledgearrow
      About: There has been increasing demand for research utilizing all information generated from lidar remote sensing data and not just bare earth digital elevation models (DEMs). While this technology has been a proven mapping tool, effective for generating bare earth DEMs,research on using the entire point cloud of this remote sensing data for scientific applications have been slowed by:i) the high cost of collecting lidar ii)a steep learning curve on research and understanding involving utilizing the entire point cloud. The goal of CLICK is to facilitate data access, user coordination and education of lidar remote sensing for scientific needs.
      Year: 2002 - Present
      Scale: Sate
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/


    USGS Ortho-Imageryarrow
      About: The purpose of the National Center for Earth Resources Observation & Science (EROS) Othoimagery website is to provide instant access to The National Map Orthoimagery. The Orthoimagery category is one of the framework layers for The National Map. Imagery can be used as a base layer for updating or deriving additional geographic information, such as transportation networks, hydrographic features, elevation, and land cover.
      Scale: Local, Regional and National
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/#Find_Data/Products_and_Data_Available/High_Resolution_Orthoimagery


    USGS Topographic Mapsarrow
      About: The USGS took over responsibility for mapping the country in 1879 and has been the primary civilian mapping agency of the United States ever since. The best known USGS maps are the 1:24,000-scale topographic maps, also known as 7.5-minute quadrangles. More than 55,000 7.5-minute maps were made to cover the 48 conterminous States. This is the only uniform map series that covers the entire area of the United States in considerable detail.
      Year: 1879 -1992
      Scale: 1:24,000, 1:25,000, 1:63,360 and others
      Cost: COST
      Website: http://topomaps.usgs.gov/


    USGS-National Park Service (NPS) Vegetation Mapping Programarrow
      About: The National Park Service/National biological Survey Vegetation Mapping Program for the first time in the history of land management in the United States, this project provides a means to map vast acreage - most National Park System units - using a single vegetation classification and mapping standard. The National Biological Survey is a partner with the National Park Service in this project and is largely responsible for technical oversight of protocols and methodology development as well as technical review and approval of the vegetation maps produced.
      Year: On going project
      Scale: National Parks by State, check site for state availability
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://biology.usgs.gov/npsveg/products/state.html


    Water Resources of Nebraskaarrow
      About: Links to all of Nebraska’s rivers and streams, including current (“real time”) stream flow, water quality and ground water levels.
      Year: 2000 to Present
      Scale: Regional, Local, and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://ne.water.usgs.gov/index.htm


    Water Resources of the United Statesarrow
      About: Selected water-resources data for approximately 1.5 million sites across the United States from 1857 to present.
      Year: 1857 - Present
      Scale: Local to National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://water.usgs.gov/


    Wetlands Online Mapperarrow
      About: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal Federal agency that provides information to the public on the extent and status of the Nations wetlands. Through its National Wetlands Inventory, the agency has developed considerable expertise in mapping wetlands and associated habitats.
      Scale: Lower 48 states — USGS 1:24,000 or 1:100,000 topographic quadrangle, Alaska — USGS 1:63,000 topographic quadrangle, Hawaii — County and USGS topographic quadrangle, Puerto Rico and USVI — County and USGS topographic quadrangle, Pacific Trust Territories — County/Island
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.fws.gov/wetlands/Data/Mapper.html Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      Accuracy Assessment of National Land Cover Data 1992 (NLCD92)arrow
        About: A National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD) for the conterminous U.S. has been compiled by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of a cooperative project between the USGS and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The data set is a nationally consistent land cover product derived from the early to mid-1990s Landsat Thematic Mapper satellite imagery. Accuracy assessments of the product have been conducted region-by-region using a scientifically rigorous approach.
        Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/accuracy/index.php


      Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI)arrow
        About: In response to indications of worldwide declines in amphibian populations, the President and Congress directed Interior Department agencies to initiate a national program of amphibian monitoring, research, and conservation. As a result, the Agency formed the National Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative.
        Website: http://armi.usgs.gov/


      Climate History in Alaskaarrow
        About: USGS studies of the Alaskan fossil record of plants include data from many natural exposures and sediment cores. These data provide the basis for reconstructing the record of past vegetation changes over millions of years of Earth history. The fossil record shows that dramatic changes in high latitude vegetation have occurred many times in the past, primarily in response to global climate changes.
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/poster/alaskahistory.html


      Cropland by County Since 1850 and Population Since 1790arrow
        About: A time series data set of cropland and population proportions has been developed at the county level to provide data on land use conversion and rates of change. The U.S. Bureau of the Census and related agencies inventoried a county cropland series from 1850 to the present.
        Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/cropland/index.php


      Effects of Land Use on Water Quality in Michiganarrow
        About: Links to projects that provide information on the relation of land use to water quality, sources of pollutants, or trends in water quality.
        Website: http://mi.water.usgs.gov/sieffectwq.php


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      Maps On Demand: limited printing of digitally supported U.S. Geological Survey maps and reportsarrow
        About: The USGS provides map-on-demand (MOD) printing for selected infrequently requested geologic and other theme map products providing high-quality paper-copy maps as needed. Site links to available map products with thumbnail views and how to order.
        Website: http://store.usgs.gov/mod/


      Mojave Desert - Recoverability and Vulnerability of Desert Ecosystemsarrow
        About: The Recoverability and Vulnerability of Desert Ecosystems project conducts basic scientific research on ecological processes within the Mojave Desert ecosystem and uses this knowledge to provide land managers with scientific understanding and tools needed to conserve and restore threatened desert landscapes.
        Website: http://mojave.usgs.gov/rvde/


      National Land Cover Pattern Mapsarrow
        About: Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center website provides three US landcover maps derived from the 2001 NLCD that can be viewed in Google Earth. The maps are: Landcover Mosaic (LCM), Morphological Spatial Pattern Analysis (MSPA) of forest cover, and Forest Area Density Analysis (FDEN).
        Year: 2001
        Scale: Local, regional and national
        Cost: Free
        Website: http://forestthreats.org/tools/landcover-maps Leaving USGS


      Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Centerarrow
        About: The mission of Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center is to provide the scientific information needed to conserve and manage the nation's biological resources, with an emphasis on the species and ecosystems of the nation's interior.
        Website: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/


      Ohio State University Extension Land Use Teamarrow
        About: The Ohio State University Extension Land Use Team provides information to enable Ohio State University Extension, local and state government, and communities to address land use issues with information, educational programs, and potential strategies.
        Website: http://landuse.osu.edu/ Leaving USGS


      Pacific Northwest Research Station - Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics Teamarrow
        About: The Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics Team conducts national, regional, and sub-regional assessments of land use and land cover changes affecting the nation’s forest, grassland, and aquatic ecosystems.
        Website: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lulcd/ Leaving USGS


      Priority Ecosystems Sciencearrow
        About: The mission of Priority Ecosystem Science, PES is to provide science in support of adaptive management of ecosystems that have near-term societal concern and significant long-term societal value. Studies are designed to serve local ecosystem management needs and to provide knowledge and approaches transferable to similar ecosystems across the Nation.
        Website: http://access.usgs.gov/index.html


      Regional Assessments of Land Use Change in the Delaware River Basinarrow
        About: This long-term U.S. Geological Survey project consists of a number of individual studies applying spatial analysis methods to long-term land-cover change in the Delaware River Basin, particularly in Pennsylvania. The objectives for these projects are to address and quantify predominant affects and outcomes of land-surface change in urbanizing areas.
        Website: http://mcmcweb.er.usgs.gov/de_river_basin/


      Regional Vulnerability Assessment (ReVA) Programarrow
        About: EPA's Regional Vulnerability Assessment (ReVA) program is an approach to regional scale, priority-setting assessment being developed by EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD).
        Website: http://www.epa.gov/reva/ Leaving USGS


      South Florida Information Access – Integrated Science (SOFIA)arrow
        About: South Florida Information Access (SOFIA) is an interdisciplinary service that provides coherent information access in support of research, decision making, and resource management for the South Florida ecosystem restoration effort.
        Website: http://sofia.usgs.gov/


      Southwest U.S. Change Detection Images - Reno and Lake Tahoe, Nevadaarrow
        About: Landsat images of the Reno-Lake Tahoe area of Nevada, show some effects of natural processes on the landscape, such as burnt area, conifer mortality, forest clear-cutting and dry lake.
        Year: 1986 - 1992
        Scale: Regional
        Cost: FREE
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/sw/changes/natural/reno-tahoe/


      Temporal Urban Mappingarrow
        About: Temporal urban mapping develops a historical perspective of urban development by combining a variety of data sources into an integrated, multi-scale, and multi-resolution database. The database provides the baseline information to model and predict regional patterns of urbanization. Temporal urban mapping relies on modern mapping techniques, such as remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS), to capture information from both historical and modern records.
        Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/urban/umap/


      Urban Dynamicsarrow
        About: The Urban Dynamics project analyzes land use change in urban environments in order to provide a historical perspective of land use change and an assessment of the spatial patterns, rates, correlation, trends, and impacts of that change. This project develops and refines methods for land use reconstruction, geographic analysis, modeling, prediction, monitoring, and impacts assessment.
        Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/urban/intro.php


      USGS Abandoned Mine Lands Initiativearrow
        About: The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting an Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) Initiative during the fiscal years 1997 through 2001 to provide technical assistance in support of Federal Land Management Agency (FLMA) actions to remediate contamination associated with abandoned hard rock mining activities.
        Website: http://amli.usgs.gov/


      USGS International Programs at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world. These projects are illustrated in program activities. Projects are developed based on specific requests from other U.S. agencies, NGOs, International Donors, or host countries. Training, capacity building, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing needs assessments, and personnel development are integral components of projects that emphasize both scientific and development activities.
        Website: http://edcintl.cr.usgs.gov/



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African Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    African Clearinghouse for Spatial Data (Select On-Line Maps)arrow
      About: The Environmental Monitoring and Information System (EMIS) project is dedicated to facilitating discovery and access of geospatial data and information for Africa.
      Year: 1986 - Present
      Scale: Africa
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.geoafrica.net/ Leaving USGS


    Africoverarrow
      About: The purpose of the Africover Project is to establish a digital georeferenced database on land cover and a geographic referential for the whole of Africa. Reinforcing national and sub-regional capacities for the establishment, update and use of the geographic referential and land cover maps and spatial databases is the core strategy of Africover.
      Year: 1995 - 2002
      Scale: African Countries - Brundi, DR Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.
      Cost: Free/ On Demand
      Website: http://www.africover.org/system/africover_data.php Leaving USGS


    ATSR World Fire Atlasarrow
      About: The ATSR World Fire Atlas is the first multi-year Fire Atlas ever developed. It extends from 1995 to present (ERS-2 and ENVISAT). All Hot Spots (including gas flares) with a high temperature at night are precisely located using the 3.7 micron thermal channel.
      Year: November 1995 to Present (processing ongoing)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://earth.esa.int/ers/eeo9/earth_esa.html Leaving USGS


    Central African Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE)arrow
      About: The Central African Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE) is a United States Agency for International Development (USAID) initiative aimed at promoting sustainable natural resource management in the Congo Basin. The Congo Basin forest is the second largest contiguous moist tropical forest in the world and plays a key role in securing the livelihoods of Central African citizens.
      Year: 1941 - Present
      Scale: Local and Regional
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://carpe.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    CLIMSCATarrow
      About: The products consist in monthly Soil Water Indexes (SWI) derived from the ERS Wind Scatterometer. In addition, SWI difference products are also available, which correspond to the difference of the instantaneous measurement with the 92-00 average value.
      Year: January 1992 to February 2001 (Monthly)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.ipf.tuwien.ac.at/radar/index.php?go=ascat Leaving USGS


    Earth Trendsarrow
      About: Earth Trends is a comprehensive online database, maintained by the World Resources Institute that focuses on the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world.
      Year: Historical – present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://earthtrends.wri.org/index.php Leaving USGS


    Famine Early Warning Systemarrow
      About: The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS NET) is an information system designed to identify problems in the food supply system that potentially lead to famine, flood, or other food-insecure conditions, in sub-Saharan Africa.
      Year: Decadal to daily
      Scale: Africa, West African Sahel, East Africa and the Horn, Southern Africa.
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://earlywarning.usgs.gov/adds/index.php


    Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET)arrow
      About: In 1986, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) established the Famine Early Warning System (FEWS) in an effort to prevent the future occurrence of such a catastrophe. The mission of FEWS was to lower the incidence of drought-induced famine by providing timely and accurate information regarding potential famine conditions to decision makers. In doing so, the ability to address food shortages and other causes of food insecurity before they reach a critical state could be greatly enhanced.
      Year: Current
      Scale: Africa
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.fews.net/Pages/default.aspx Leaving USGS


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Aerosol from Earth Observation (GlobAerosol)arrow
      About: The GlobAEROSOL generates daily global aerosol maps for the period 1995-2007 by merging ATSR-2, AATSR, MERIS and SEVIRI satellite data. The products produced are aerosol optical depths at 0.55 and 0.87um and Angstrom coefficient and estimated speciation.
      Year: 1995 - 2007
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globaerosol.info/project_description/data.htm Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 – December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://bioval.jrc.ec.europa.eu/products/glc2000/glc2000.php Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umiacs.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Survey Visualization Interface newarrow
      About: The USGS EROS Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) GLS Visualization Interface (http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/) was released today. The new interface allows users to immediately download Global Land Survey (GLS) 2010 and GLS 2005 Surface Reflectance Products. GLS 2000 surface reflectance products will be available soon as well. In addition, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes from 1984 to April 14, 2012 can also be processed to surface reflectance for scientific evaluation through the ESPA Ordering Interface (https://espa.cr.usgs.gov). A username and password is required; to receive the login details, please complete the Contact Us Form, selecting the topic Surface Reflectance Data Request. Landsat Provisional Surface Reflectance Products (LPSRP) are created using the Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System (LEDAPS) software developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Version: November 24, 2011). Additional details about LPSRP and LEDAPS software can be found at http://landsat.usgs.gov/PLSRP.php.
      Website: http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/


    Global Maparrow
      About: The Global Map Data have 8 thematic layers. They are Boundaries, Transportation, Drainage, Population Centers, Elevation, Vegetation, Land use and Land cover. The digital geographic information is in 1 km resolution covering the earth's surface with a standardized specification.
      Year: 2000 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Registration Required/ Cost
      Website: http://www.iscgm.org/index.html Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global SPOT/VGT Surface Albedo (1999 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Surface Albedo products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over the globe. They include the broadband ([0.4, 0.7µm], [0.7, 4µm], [0.3 - 4µm]) black-sky and the white-sky albedo. These products cover the period from 1999 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1999 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/#/Find_Data/Products_and_Data_Available/gtopo30_info


    Mangrove Forests of the World (2000)arrow
      About: The database was prepared using Landsat satellite data of the year 2000. More than 1,000 Landsat scenes obtained from USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS) were classified using hybrid supervised and unsupervised digital image classification techniques. This database is the first most comprehensive mangrove assessment of the world (Giri et al., 2011).
      Year: 2000
      Website: http://earthengine.google.org/#state=detail&assetId=LANDSAT/MANGROVE_FORESTS Leaving USGS


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    SPOT/VEGETATION Water Bodies (1998 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Water Bodies products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over Africa. In addition to the area of ponds, the products provide information about their seasonality (when they are filled and when they are dry). They cover the period from April 1998 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1998 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    SPOT/VEGETATION Water Bodies Products newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Water Bodies products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over Africa. In addition to the area of ponds, the products provide information about their seasonality (when they are filled and when they are dry). They cover the period from April 1998 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1998 to Present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    UNEP GEO Data Portalarrow
      About: Is the authoritative source for data sets used by UNEP and its partners. The online database holds more than 450 different variables, as national, sub-regional, regional and global statistics or as geospatial data sets (maps), covering themes such as freshwater, population, forests, emissions, climate, disasters, health and Gross Domestic Product. The data can be displayed and explored on the fly through maps, graphs, and data tables, downloaded in various popular formats.
      Year: 2005 to Present
      Scale: National, sub-regional, regional, and global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.grid.unep.ch/data/index.php Leaving USGS


    United States Department of Agriculture - Crop Explorerarrow
      About: Provides information on crops and conditions by region, satellite images, live data and maps, with links to production estimates, area, yield, and crop assessments.
      Year: 2008
      Scale: Continental
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/cropexplorer/index.cfm Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Africa: Political and Shaded Relief Maps, by Countryarrow


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/ Leaving USGS


      Global Change Researcharrow
        About: USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole-system understanding of the interrelationships among earth surface processes, ecological systems, and human activities. Activities of the program focus on documenting, analyzing, and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological, biological, hydrological, and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world. These projects are illustrated in program activities. Projects are developed based on specific requests from other U.S. agencies, NGOs, International Donors, or host countries. Training, capacity building, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing needs assessments, and personnel development are integral components of projects that emphasize both scientific and development activities.
        Website: http://edcintl.cr.usgs.gov/



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Asian Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    ATSR World Fire Atlasarrow
      About: The ATSR World Fire Atlas is the first multi-year Fire Atlas ever developed. It extends from 1995 to present (ERS-2 and ENVISAT). All Hot Spots (including gas flares) with a high temperature at night are precisely located using the 3.7 micron thermal channel.
      Year: November 1995 to Present (processing ongoing)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://earth.esa.int/ers/eeo9/earth_esa.html Leaving USGS


    CLIMSCATarrow
      About: The products consist in monthly Soil Water Indexes (SWI) derived from the ERS Wind Scatterometer. In addition, SWI difference products are also available, which correspond to the difference of the instantaneous measurement with the 92-00 average value.
      Year: January 1992 to February 2001 (Monthly)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.ipf.tuwien.ac.at/radar/index.php?go=ascat Leaving USGS


    Earth Trendsarrow
      About: Earth Trends is a comprehensive online database, maintained by the World Resources Institute that focuses on the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world.
      Year: Histroical - Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://earthtrends.wri.org/index.php Leaving USGS


    Famine Early Warning System Afghanistanarrow
      About: The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS NET) is an information system designed to identify problems in the food supply system that potentially lead to famine, flood, or other food-insecure conditions, in sub-Saharan Africa.
      Year: Current
      Scale: Afganistan
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://earlywarning.usgs.gov/afghan/


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Aerosol from Earth Observation (GlobAerosol)arrow
      About: The GlobAEROSOL generates daily global aerosol maps for the period 1995-2007 by merging ATSR-2, AATSR, MERIS and SEVIRI satellite data. The products produced are aerosol optical depths at 0.55 and 0.87um and Angstrom coefficient and estimated speciation.
      Year: 1995 - 2007
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globaerosol.info/project_description/data.htm Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://bioval.jrc.ec.europa.eu/products/glc2000/glc2000.php Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umiacs.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Survey Visualization Interface newarrow
      About: The USGS EROS Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) GLS Visualization Interface (http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/) was released today. The new interface allows users to immediately download Global Land Survey (GLS) 2010 and GLS 2005 Surface Reflectance Products. GLS 2000 surface reflectance products will be available soon as well. In addition, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes from 1984 to April 14, 2012 can also be processed to surface reflectance for scientific evaluation through the ESPA Ordering Interface (https://espa.cr.usgs.gov). A username and password is required; to receive the login details, please complete the Contact Us Form, selecting the topic Surface Reflectance Data Request. Landsat Provisional Surface Reflectance Products (LPSRP) are created using the Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System (LEDAPS) software developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Version: November 24, 2011). Additional details about LPSRP and LEDAPS software can be found at http://landsat.usgs.gov/PLSRP.php.
      Website: http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/


    Global Maparrow
      About: The Global Map Data have 8 thematic layers. They are Boundaries, Transportation, Drainage, Population Centers, Elevation, Vegetation, Land use and Land cover. The digital geographic information is in 1 km resolution covering the earth's surface with a standardized specification.
      Year: 2000 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Registration Required/ Cost
      Website: http://www.iscgm.org/index.html Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global SPOT/VGT Surface Albedo (1999 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Surface Albedo products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over the globe. They include the broadband ([0.4, 0.7µm], [0.7, 4µm], [0.3 - 4µm]) black-sky and the white-sky albedo. These products cover the period from 1999 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1999 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/#/Find_Data/Products_and_Data_Available/gtopo30_info


    Mangrove Forests of the World (2000)arrow
      About: The database was prepared using Landsat satellite data of the year 2000. More than 1,000 Landsat scenes obtained from USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS) were classified using hybrid supervised and unsupervised digital image classification techniques. This database is the first most comprehensive mangrove assessment of the world (Giri et al., 2011).
      Year: 2000
      Website: http://earthengine.google.org/#state=detail&assetId=LANDSAT/MANGROVE_FORESTS Leaving USGS


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    TerraNortearrow
      About: TerraNorte contains a number of advanced datasets and products derived from Earth Observation techniques, regarding land cover dynamics, natural and human induced ecosystem disturbances and agricultural activity, which grow on both thematic domains and geographical coverage.
      Year: 1984 to present
      Scale: Boreal Region - Russia
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://terranorte.iki.rssi.ru/ Leaving USGS


    The Australian Consortium for the Asian Spatial Information and Analysis Network (ACASIAN)arrow
      About: The Australian Consortium for the Asian Spatial Information and Analysis Network (ACASIAN) is an academic and applied research activity specializing in Geographical Information System (GIS) databases for Asia (China in particular) and the former Soviet Union. In its original manifestation, ACASIAN fulfilled Griffith University's leading role in the SIIASA and SIIRCEASA consortia, and Griffith University continues to licence its spatial datasets, and those Crissman has subsequently produced, for academic, research, and commercial purposes.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: Eurasia, East Asia, South East Asia, South Asia and Near East
      Cost: COSTS
      Website: http://www.asian.gu.edu.au/index.html Leaving USGS


    Tropical Rain Forest Information Centerarrow
      About: The Tropical Rain Forest Information Center (TRFIC) is part of NASA's Federation of Earth Science Information Partners. The objective of the Federation is to experiment with and evolve processes to make Earth system science data easy to preserve, locate, access and use for all beneficial applications, including research, education, and commercial, many of which may cross the Federation membership.
      Scale: Asia
      Website: http://www.trfic.msu.edu/ Leaving USGS


    UNEP GEO Data Portalarrow
      About: Is the authoritative source for data sets used by UNEP and its partners. The online database holds more than 450 different variables, as national, sub-regional, regional and global statistics or as geospatial data sets (maps), covering themes such as freshwater, population, forests, emissions, climate, disasters, health and Gross Domestic Product. The data can be displayed and explored on the fly through maps, graphs, and data tables, downloaded in various popular formats.
      Year: 2005 to Present
      Scale: National, sub-regional, regional, and global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.grid.unep.ch/data/index.php Leaving USGS


    United States Department of Agriculture - Crop Explorerarrow
      About: Provides information on crops and conditions by region, satellite images, live data and maps, with links to production estimates, area, yield, and crop assessments.
      Year: 2008
      Scale: Continental
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/cropexplorer/index.cfm Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Researcharrow
        About: The Asia Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) is an intergovernmental network for the promotion of global change research and links between science and policy making in the Asia-Pacific Region.
        Website: http://www.apn-gcr.org/ Leaving USGS


      AsiaCoverarrow
        About: AsiaCover Project is to integrate this source of land cover data with socio-economic information to serve as a decision aid for environmental sound decision-making.
        Website: http://www.fao.org/sd/2002/EN0301a_en.htm Leaving USGS


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      Global Change Researcharrow
        About: USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole-system understanding of the interrelationships among earth surface processes, ecological systems, and human activities. Activities of the program focus on documenting, analyzing, and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological, biological, hydrological, and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/


      Indian Institute of Remote Sensingarrow
        About: The Indian Institute of Remote Sensing vision is to promote excellence and professional education in the field of Remote Sensing and Geoinformation Science.
        Website: http://www.iirs-nrsa.gov.in/ Leaving USGS


      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiativearrow
        About: The Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative, (NEESPI), is a currently active, yet strategically evolving program of internationally-supported Earth systems science research, which has as its foci issues in northern Eurasia that are relevant to regional and Global scientific and decision-making communities
        Website: http://neespi.org/ Leaving USGS


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world. These projects are illustrated in program activities. Projects are developed based on specific requests from other U.S. agencies, NGOs, International Donors, or host countries. Training, capacity building, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing needs assessments, and personnel development are integral components of projects that emphasize both scientific and development activities.
        Website: http://edcintl.cr.usgs.gov/



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European Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    ATSR World Fire Atlasarrow
      About: The ATSR World Fire Atlas is the first multi-year Fire Atlas ever developed. It extends from 1995 to present (ERS-2 and ENVISAT). All Hot Spots (including gas flares) with a high temperature at night are precisely located using the 3.7 micron thermal channel.
      Year: November 1995 to Present (processing ongoing)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://earth.esa.int/ers/eeo9/earth_esa.html Leaving USGS


    BALANS Land Coverarrow
      About: This Baltic Sea Region GIS, map and statistical database is a result of the Baltic Drainage Basin Project (BDBP). The BDBP was a multi-disciplinary research project under the EU 1991-1994 Environment Research Programme. The Land Cover data layer consists of six classes: Forest, Open Land, Open Water, Urban Land, Glacier, and Unknown Land, which is either Forest or Open Land.
      Year: 1997 - 2000
      Scale: Baltic Sea Region
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.grida.no/baltic/htmls/related.htm Leaving USGS


    CLIMSCATarrow
      About: The products consist in monthly Soil Water Indexes (SWI) derived from the ERS Wind Scatterometer. In addition, SWI difference products are also available, which correspond to the difference of the instantaneous measurement with the 92-00 average value.
      Year: January 1992 to February 2001 (Monthly)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.ipf.tuwien.ac.at/radar/index.php?go=ascat Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 1990arrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 1990
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover-1990-raster-2 Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 1990 - 2000 change newarrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 1990 - 2000 change
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover-1 Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 1999 - 2001
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover-2000-raster-2 Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 2000 - 2006 change newarrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 2000 - 2006 change
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 2000 seamless vector data newarrow


    Corine Land Cover 2006 newarrow
      About: The Corine land cover database provides a pan-European inventory of biophysical land cover, using a 44-class nomenclature. It is made available on a 250m by 250m grid database, which has been aggregated from the original vector data at 1:100 000. Corine land cover is a key database for integrated environmental assessment.
      Year: 2006
      Scale: European
      Website: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/corine-land-cover-2006-raster-2 Leaving USGS


    Corine Land Cover 2006 seamless vector data newarrow


    Earth Trendsarrow
      About: Earth Trends is a comprehensive online database, maintained by the World Resources Institute that focuses on the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world.
      Year: Historical – Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://earthtrends.wri.org/index.php Leaving USGS


    European Forest Institutearrow
      About: The main aim of the project targets at utilizing most effectively both Earth Observation data and forest statistical information. It applies a previously developed calibration method to produce comprehensive and complete European maps on forest (and within the forest class the sub-classes coniferous and broadleaved) and non-forest/water at 1 x 1 kilometer resolution.
      Year: 2000 - 2001
      Scale: Europe
      Cost: Registration required
      Website: http://www.efi.int/portal/ Leaving USGS


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Aerosol from Earth Observation (GlobAerosol)arrow
      About: The GlobAEROSOL generates daily global aerosol maps for the period 1995-2007 by merging ATSR-2, AATSR, MERIS and SEVIRI satellite data. The products produced are aerosol optical depths at 0.55 and 0.87um and Angstrom coefficient and estimated speciation.
      Year: 1995 - 2007
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globaerosol.info/project_description/data.htm Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://bioval.jrc.ec.europa.eu/products/glc2000/glc2000.php Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umiacs.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Survey Visualization Interface newarrow
      About: The USGS EROS Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) GLS Visualization Interface (http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/) was released today. The new interface allows users to immediately download Global Land Survey (GLS) 2010 and GLS 2005 Surface Reflectance Products. GLS 2000 surface reflectance products will be available soon as well. In addition, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes from 1984 to April 14, 2012 can also be processed to surface reflectance for scientific evaluation through the ESPA Ordering Interface (https://espa.cr.usgs.gov). A username and password is required; to receive the login details, please complete the Contact Us Form, selecting the topic Surface Reflectance Data Request. Landsat Provisional Surface Reflectance Products (LPSRP) are created using the Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System (LEDAPS) software developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Version: November 24, 2011). Additional details about LPSRP and LEDAPS software can be found at http://landsat.usgs.gov/PLSRP.php.
      Website: http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/


    Global Maparrow
      About: The Global Map Data have 8 thematic layers. They are Boundaries, Transportation, Drainage, Population Centers, Elevation, Vegetation, Land use and Land cover. The digital geographic information is in 1 km resolution covering the earth's surface with a standardized specification.
      Year: 2000 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Registration Required/ Cost
      Website: http://www.iscgm.org/index.html Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global SPOT/VGT Surface Albedo (1999 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Surface Albedo products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over the globe. They include the broadband ([0.4, 0.7µm], [0.7, 4µm], [0.3 - 4µm]) black-sky and the white-sky albedo. These products cover the period from 1999 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1999 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/#/Find_Data/Products_and_Data_Available/gtopo30_info


    Land Cover Map 2000 (LCM2000)arrow
      About: Land Cover Map 2000 (LCM2000) is used by Government Departments and Agencies in England, Scotland and Wales; County Councils; Charities and Commissions and also Environmental management bodies. LCM2000 is used for a wide range of applications including environmental character assessments, environmental protection, transport planning, animal disease distribution, bird and habitat relationships and forestry research. Like the earlier Land Cover Map of GB (1990), LCM2000 is derived from a computer classification of satellite scenes, obtained mainly from Landsat satellites. LCM2000 covers Northern Ireland, so will produce an all-UK dataset for the first time. It also incorporates information derived from other datasets
      Year: 1997 - 1998
      Scale: national
      Cost: COST
      Website: http://www.ceh.ac.uk/data/index.html Leaving USGS


    Land Cover Map of Great Britain (LCMGB)arrow
      About: The LCMGB recorded 25 land cover types, on a 25 m grid, for all of Britain. The generalised census, as a part of the Countryside Survey 1990, complemented the sample-based detail of the field survey. The LCMGB and the field data were compared and contrasted qualitatively and quantitatively, giving correspondences which varied from 50%-90% and suggested that the map accuracy was generally 80%-85% - an exact quantification was precluded by crucial differences in the dates of survey and the choices of class definitions. The LCMGB data give complete, though generalised, national coverage and are uniquely capable of generating useful information at a field-by-field level.
      Year: 1990 - 1992
      Scale: National
      Cost: COSTS
      Website: http://www.ceh.ac.uk/data/index.html Leaving USGS


    LandMap United Kingdomarrow
      About: The Joint Information Systems Committee funded Landmap Project is a joint project between Manchester InforMation and Associate Services and University College London Dept. of Geomatic Engineering and other project partners. The project provides orthorectified satellite image mosaics of Landsat, SPOT and ERS radar data and a high resolution Digital Elevation Model for the British Isles. This data is available in formats that are readily accessible to users of Geographic Information Systems, Image Processing and Desktop publishing software.
      Year: 1988 - 2005
      Scale: British Isles
      Cost: Nominal cost to noncollobarators
      Website: http://www.landmap.ac.uk/ Leaving USGS


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MEDSPIRATIONarrow
      About: The products consist of a daily high resolution Sea Surface Temperature over the Mediteranean Sea (30N to 46N and 6W to 36.5E at 2 km spatial resolution) in Netcdf format and compressed to a bzip2 file derived from the combination of in-situ data with various satellites.
      Year: From the 23rd November, 2004 to present
      Location: Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea
      Website: http://projets.ifremer.fr/cersat/Information/Projects/MEDSPIRATION2 Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Multi-Agency Geographic Information for the Countryside (MAGIC)arrow
      About: MAGIC is the first web-based interactive map to bring together information on key environmental schemes and designations in one place. MAGIC is a partnership project involving six government organisations who have responsibilities for rural policy-making and management, and although it has been designed to meet the needs of the partner organisations, the facility is available to anyone over the Internet.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: Regional and National
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://magic.defra.gov.uk/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Post-USSR land cover change in Eastern Europe – socioeconomic forcings, effects on biodiversity, and future scenariosarrow


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    UNEP GEO Data Portalarrow
      About: Is the authoritative source for data sets used by UNEP and its partners. The online database holds more than 450 different variables, as national, sub-regional, regional and global statistics or as geospatial data sets (maps), covering themes such as freshwater, population, forests, emissions, climate, disasters, health and Gross Domestic Product. The data can be displayed and explored on the fly through maps, graphs, and data tables, downloaded in various popular formats.
      Year: 2005 to Present
      Scale: National, sub-regional, regional, and global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.grid.unep.ch/data/index.php Leaving USGS


    United States Department of Agriculture - Crop Explorerarrow
      About: Provides information on crops and conditions by region, satellite images, live data and maps, with links to production estimates, area, yield, and crop assessments.
      Year: 2008
      Scale: Continental
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/cropexplorer/index.cfm Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      Agric-Environmental Actionarrow
        About: The Agri-Environmental Action is managed by the Rural, Water and Ecosystem Resources Unit of the JRC Institute for Environment and Sustainability. The site highlights the most important future challenges towards sustainable agriculture and sustainable development in the European Union.
        Website: http://agrienv.jrc.ec.europa.eu/index.htm Leaving USGS


      Catalogue of European Watershedsarrow
        About: This catalogue of existing well monitored river-basins across Europe covering a wide range of environmental conditions is the result of a questionnaire which was sent out to representative bodies in Europe with the aim to obtain an idea of the number of watersheds presently being studied in Europe, their characteristics and environmental problems being investigated, and the information available. This site is a searchable database.
        Website: http://www.emwis.org/countries/fol135532/fol567216 Leaving USGS


      Climatewirearrow
        About: ClimateWire.org, updated daily, is a leading multi-sectoral, international news service specifically focusing on the issue of climate change. Brought to you by Responding To Climate Change 2006 and UNEP/GRID-Arendal, ClimateWire sources and brings together news items from around the world and delivers them to your desktop each day.
        Website: http://www.climatewire.org/ Leaving USGS


      Earthwirearrow
        About: EarthWire is used by government officials as a briefing on the day's environmental news, journalists following hot issues, students and researchers looking for current information on the state of the environment, and by anyone interested in current events and the environment.
        Website: http://www.earthwire.org/uk/ Leaving USGS


      Environmental Timesarrow
        About: A periodic publication by UNEP/GRID – Arendal covering all aspects of the environment in exclusive detail from across the world. The paper is available for download by page or as a whole document.
        Website: http://www.environmenttimes.net/ Leaving USGS


      European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL)arrow
        About: EARSeL is a scientific network of European remote sensing institutes, coming from both academia and the commercial/industrial sector. EARSeL is unique in that it represents the interests of these institutes rather than individuals, although individual membership is possible. Currently, there are about 250 member laboratories
        Website: http://www.earsel.org/?target=earsel/earsel Leaving USGS


      European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS)arrow
        About: The European Commission DG Joint Research Center set up since 1999 a research group to work specifically on the development and implementation of advanced methods for the evaluation of forest fire risk and mapping of burnt areas at the European scale.
        Website: http://effis-viewer.jrc.ec.europa.eu/wmi/viewer.html Leaving USGS


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      Global Change Researcharrow
        About: USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole-system understanding of the interrelationships among earth surface processes, ecological systems, and human activities. Activities of the program focus on documenting, analyzing, and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological, biological, hydrological, and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/


      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      Maps and Graphics Libraryarrow
        About: This service is an on-going project to collect and catalogue all graphic products that have been prepared for publications and web-sites from the last 15 years in a wide range of themes related to environment and sustainable development.
        Website: http://maps.grida.no/ Leaving USGS


      The Macaulay Institutearrow
        About: The Macaulay Institute's mission is to be an international leader in research on the sustainable use of land and its natural resources for the benefit of people, their communities and the environment. Located in Aberdeen, Scotland the Macaulay Institute is an international centre for research and consultancy on the environmental and social consequences of rural land uses.
        Website: http://www.macaulay.ac.uk/ Leaving USGS


      The Vital Graphics Seriesarrow
        About: Vital Arctic Graphics is a compilation of illustrations and case studies intended to describe the Arctic, the livelihoods of Arctic indigenous peoples and the future well being of this region. It summarizes some of the key threats to the future sustainability of the Arctic including the rapid pace of climate change, worrying levels of persistent organic and heavy metal pollutants, and increasing natural resource exploration.
        Website: http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/ Leaving USGS



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Central American Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    ATSR World Fire Atlasarrow
      About: The ATSR World Fire Atlas is the first multi-year Fire Atlas ever developed. It extends from 1995 to present (ERS-2 and ENVISAT). All Hot Spots (including gas flares) with a high temperature at night are precisely located using the 3.7 micron thermal channel.
      Year: November 1995 to Present (processing ongoing)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://earth.esa.int/ers/eeo9/earth_esa.html Leaving USGS


    CLIMSCATarrow
      About: The products consist in monthly Soil Water Indexes (SWI) derived from the ERS Wind Scatterometer. In addition, SWI difference products are also available, which correspond to the difference of the instantaneous measurement with the 92-00 average value.
      Year: January 1992 to February 2001 (Monthly)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.ipf.tuwien.ac.at/radar/index.php?go=ascat Leaving USGS


    Earth Trendsarrow
      About: Earth Trends is a comprehensive online database, maintained by the World Resources Institute that focuses on the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world.
      Year: Historical – Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://earthtrends.wri.org/index.php Leaving USGS


    Famine Early Warning System Central Americaarrow
      About: The Goal of the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) is to strengthen the abilities of foreign countries and regional organizations to manage risk of food insecurity through the provision of timely and analytical early warning and vulnerability information.
      Year: Current
      Scale: Central America
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://earlywarning.usgs.gov/centralamerica/


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCafearrow
      About: The GeoCafe project offers innovative on-line information tools in support of specialty coffee production, certification, and marketing. It offers online coffee map services and coffee search tools that help coffee traders locate the type of bean they are looking for.
      Year: 2003 - present
      Scale: Haiti
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edcintl.cr.usgs.gov/ip/geocafe/


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Aerosol from Earth Observation (GlobAerosol)arrow
      About: The GlobAEROSOL generates daily global aerosol maps for the period 1995-2007 by merging ATSR-2, AATSR, MERIS and SEVIRI satellite data. The products produced are aerosol optical depths at 0.55 and 0.87um and Angstrom coefficient and estimated speciation.
      Year: 1995 - 2007
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globaerosol.info/project_description/data.htm Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://bioval.jrc.ec.europa.eu/products/glc2000/glc2000.php Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umiacs.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Survey Visualization Interface newarrow
      About: The USGS EROS Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) GLS Visualization Interface (http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/) was released today. The new interface allows users to immediately download Global Land Survey (GLS) 2010 and GLS 2005 Surface Reflectance Products. GLS 2000 surface reflectance products will be available soon as well. In addition, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes from 1984 to April 14, 2012 can also be processed to surface reflectance for scientific evaluation through the ESPA Ordering Interface (https://espa.cr.usgs.gov). A username and password is required; to receive the login details, please complete the Contact Us Form, selecting the topic Surface Reflectance Data Request. Landsat Provisional Surface Reflectance Products (LPSRP) are created using the Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System (LEDAPS) software developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Version: November 24, 2011). Additional details about LPSRP and LEDAPS software can be found at http://landsat.usgs.gov/PLSRP.php.
      Website: http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/


    Global Maparrow
      About: The Global Map Data have 8 thematic layers. They are Boundaries, Transportation, Drainage, Population Centers, Elevation, Vegetation, Land use and Land cover. The digital geographic information is in 1 km resolution covering the earth's surface with a standardized specification.
      Year: 2000 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Registration Required/ Cost
      Website: http://www.iscgm.org/cgi-bin/fswiki/wiki.cgi Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global SPOT/VGT Surface Albedo (1999 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Surface Albedo products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over the globe. They include the broadband ([0.4, 0.7µm], [0.7, 4µm], [0.3 - 4µm]) black-sky and the white-sky albedo. These products cover the period from 1999 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1999 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/#/Find_Data/Products_and_Data_Available/gtopo30_info


    Mangrove Forests of the World (2000)arrow
      About: The database was prepared using Landsat satellite data of the year 2000. More than 1,000 Landsat scenes obtained from USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS) were classified using hybrid supervised and unsupervised digital image classification techniques. This database is the first most comprehensive mangrove assessment of the world (Giri et al., 2011).
      Year: 2000
      Website: http://earthengine.google.org/#state=detail&assetId=LANDSAT/MANGROVE_FORESTS Leaving USGS


    Mangrove Forests of the World (2000)arrow
      About: The database was prepared using Landsat satellite data of the year 2000. More than 1,000 Landsat scenes obtained from USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS) were classified using hybrid supervised and unsupervised digital image classification techniques. This database is the first most comprehensive mangrove assessment of the world (Giri et al., 2011).
      Year: 2000
      Website: http://earthengine.google.org/#state=detail&assetId=LANDSAT/MANGROVE_FORESTS Leaving USGS


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    Mesoamerican and Caribbean Geospatial Alliance (MACGA)arrow
      About: The Mesoamerican and Caribbean Geospatial Alliance strives to facilitate the development of spatial data with appropriate standards, datums, and descriptions, assist efficient data management, and support access, dissemination, and applications in the regions of Mesoamerica and the Caribbean. The logic behind the project: better and more readily available spatial data should translate into better decision-making.
      Year: 1997 - 2004
      Scale: Mesoamerica and Caribbean
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edcintl.cr.usgs.gov/ip/macga/index.php


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    UNEP GEO Data Portalarrow
      About: Is the authoritative source for data sets used by UNEP and its partners. The online database holds more than 450 different variables, as national, sub-regional, regional and global statistics or as geospatial data sets (maps), covering themes such as freshwater, population, forests, emissions, climate, disasters, health and Gross Domestic Product. The data can be displayed and explored on the fly through maps, graphs, and data tables, downloaded in various popular formats.
      Year: 2005 to Present
      Scale: National, sub-regional, regional, and global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.grid.unep.ch/data/index.php Leaving USGS


    United States Department of Agriculture - Crop Explorerarrow
      About: Provides information on crops and conditions by region, satellite images, live data and maps, with links to production estimates, area, yield, and crop assessments.
      Year: 2008
      Scale: Continental
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/cropexplorer/index.cfm Leaving USGS


    USGS Water Resources of the Caribbeanarrow
      About: The U.S.Geological Survey is the Nation's largest natural-science agency and has the principal responsibility within the Federal government for mapping the Nation, assessing its geologic resources and hazards, understanding its natural biological resources, and providing hydrologic information for appraising the Nation's water resources. The Caribbean Water Science Center is primarily involved with conducting water-resources investigations in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
      Year: Annual Reports 1998-2004
      Scale: Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Haiti
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://pr.water.usgs.gov/



    Information Links
      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      Global Change Researcharrow
        About: USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole-system understanding of the interrelationships among earth surface processes, ecological systems, and human activities. Activities of the program focus on documenting, analyzing, and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological, biological, hydrological, and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world.
        Website: http://edcintl.cr.usgs.gov/



Back to top
 

South American Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    ATSR World Fire Atlasarrow
      About: The ATSR World Fire Atlas is the first multi-year Fire Atlas ever developed. It extends from 1995 to present (ERS-2 and ENVISAT). All Hot Spots (including gas flares) with a high temperature at night are precisely located using the 3.7 micron thermal channel.
      Year: November 1995 to Present (processing ongoing)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://earth.esa.int/ers/eeo9/earth_esa.html Leaving USGS


    CLIMSCATarrow
      About: The products consist in monthly Soil Water Indexes (SWI) derived from the ERS Wind Scatterometer. In addition, SWI difference products are also available, which correspond to the difference of the instantaneous measurement with the 92-00 average value.
      Year: January 1992 to February 2001 (Monthly)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.ipf.tuwien.ac.at/radar/index.php?go=ascat Leaving USGS


    Earth Trendsarrow
      About: Earth Trends is a comprehensive online database, maintained by the World Resources Institute that focuses on the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world.
      Year: Historical – Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://earthtrends.wri.org/index.php Leaving USGS


    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nationsarrow


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Global Aerosol from Earth Observation (GlobAerosol)arrow
      About: The GlobAEROSOL generates daily global aerosol maps for the period 1995-2007 by merging ATSR-2, AATSR, MERIS and SEVIRI satellite data. The products produced are aerosol optical depths at 0.55 and 0.87um and Angstrom coefficient and estimated speciation.
      Year: 1995 - 2007
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globaerosol.info/project_description/data.htm Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM/


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://bioval.jrc.ec.europa.eu/products/glc2000/glc2000.php Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umiacs.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Survey Visualization Interface newarrow
      About: The USGS EROS Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) GLS Visualization Interface (http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/) was released today. The new interface allows users to immediately download Global Land Survey (GLS) 2010 and GLS 2005 Surface Reflectance Products. GLS 2000 surface reflectance products will be available soon as well. In addition, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes from 1984 to April 14, 2012 can also be processed to surface reflectance for scientific evaluation through the ESPA Ordering Interface (https://espa.cr.usgs.gov). A username and password is required; to receive the login details, please complete the Contact Us Form, selecting the topic Surface Reflectance Data Request. Landsat Provisional Surface Reflectance Products (LPSRP) are created using the Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System (LEDAPS) software developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Version: November 24, 2011). Additional details about LPSRP and LEDAPS software can be found at http://landsat.usgs.gov/PLSRP.php.
      Website: http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/


    Global Maparrow
      About: The Global Map Data have 8 thematic layers. They are Boundaries, Transportation, Drainage, Population Centers, Elevation, Vegetation, Land use and Land cover. The digital geographic information is in 1 km resolution covering the earth's surface with a standardized specification.
      Year: 2000 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Registration Required/ Cost
      Website: http://www.iscgm.org/cgi-bin/fswiki/wiki.cgi Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global SPOT/VGT Surface Albedo (1999 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Surface Albedo products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over the globe. They include the broadband ([0.4, 0.7µm], [0.7, 4µm], [0.3 - 4µm]) black-sky and the white-sky albedo. These products cover the period from 1999 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1999 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/#/Find_Data/Products_and_Data_Available/gtopo30_info


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Aactive Archieve Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    Tropical Rain Forest Information Centerarrow
      About: The Tropical Rain Forest Information Center (TRFIC) is part of NASA's Federation of Earth Science Information Partners. The objective of the Federation is to experiment with and evolve processes to make Earth system science data easy to preserve, locate, access and use for all beneficial applications, including research, education, and commercial, many of which may cross the Federation membership.
      Scale: South America
      Website: http://www.trfic.msu.edu/ Leaving USGS


    UNEP GEO Data Portalarrow
      About: Is the authoritative source for data sets used by UNEP and its partners. The online database holds more than 450 different variables, as national, sub-regional, regional and global statistics or as geospatial data sets (maps), covering themes such as freshwater, population, forests, emissions, climate, disasters, health and Gross Domestic Product. The data can be displayed and explored on the fly through maps, graphs, and data tables, downloaded in various popular formats.
      Year: 2005 to Present
      Scale: National, sub-regional, regional, and global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.grid.unep.ch/data/index.php Leaving USGS


    United States Department of Agriculture - Crop Explorerarrow
      About: Provides information on crops and conditions by region, satellite images, live data and maps, with links to production estimates, area, yield, and crop assessments.
      Year: 2008
      Scale: Continental
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/cropexplorer/index.cfm Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      Global Change Researcharrow
        About: USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole-system understanding of the interrelationships among earth surface processes, ecological systems, and human activities. Activities of the program focus on documenting, analyzing, and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological, biological, hydrological, and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      South America: Political and Shaded Relief Maps, by Countryarrow


      USGS International Program at EROSarrow
        About: The International Program specializes in projects that use remotely sensed data or geographic information systems to address issues of sustainable development, resource management, land cover change, monitoring, and early warning systems in many countries around the world.
        Website: http://edcintl.cr.usgs.gov/



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Australasian Land Cover Data Links

    0.5 km MODIS-based Global Land Cover Climatology newarrow
      About: These data describe land cover type, and are based on 10 years (2001-2010) of Collection 5.1 MCD12Q1 land cover type data. The map is generated by choosing, for each pixel, the land cover classification with the highest overall confidence from 2001-2010, as described in Broxton et al., 2014a. As such, they are reflective of the training data for the MDC12Q1 data. Near the edges of the map (generally within 0.05 degrees of 180 degrees longitude, and over parts of Antarctica-mostly south of -85 degrees latitude), we have also manually filled obvious spurious edge effects with nearby land cover types. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 43200x86400 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 15 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2010
      Scale: 0.5km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/global_climatology.php


    1 km MODIS-based Maximum Green Vegetation Fraction newarrow
      About: These data describe annual maximum green vegetation fraction (MGVF), and are based on 12 years (2001-2012) of Collection 5 MOD13A2 normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Each map shows MGVF for one year (as well as the average, for all years from 2001-2012), based on the annual maximum NDVI and linear mixing models that describe green vegetation fraction (vs. non vegetated area) for each land cover class for each year. Generation of these data is described in Broxton et al., 2014b. The data has been re-gridded from the MODIS sinusoidal grid to a regular latitude-longitude grid, and the map has 21600x43200 pixels (corresponding to a resolution of 30 arc seconds).
      Year: 2001-2012
      Scale: 1km
      Location: Global
      Contact: Patrick Broxton (broxtopd@email.arizona.edu)
      Website: http://landcover.usgs.gov/green_veg.php


    CLIMSCATarrow
      About: The products consist in monthly Soil Water Indexes (SWI) derived from the ERS Wind Scatterometer. In addition, SWI difference products are also available, which correspond to the difference of the instantaneous measurement with the 92-00 average value.
      Year: January 1992 to February 2001 (Monthly)
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.ipf.tuwien.ac.at/radar/index.php?go=ascat Leaving USGS


    Earth Trendsarrow
      About: Earth Trends is a comprehensive online database, maintained by the World Resources Institute that focuses on the environmental, social, and economic trends that shape our world.
      Year: Historical - Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://earthtrends.wri.org/index.php Leaving USGS


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    GeoCover - Land Coverarrow
      About: The first consistently prepared, moderate-resolution land cover (LC) database. Derived from spectral analysis of consistently orthorectified Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery, GeoCover LC features a standard 13-class land cover legend designed to provide a basic understanding of the landscape.
      Year: 1990 - 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Costs Vary
      Website: http://www.mdafederal.com/geocover/geocoverlc Leaving USGS


    Geoscience Australiaarrow
      About: Within the portfolio of Resources, Energy and Tourism, Geoscience Australia plays a critical role by producing first-class geoscientific information and knowledge. This can enable the government and the community to make informed decisions about the exploration of resources, the management of the environment, the safety of critical infrastructure and the resultant wellbeing of all Australians.
      Cost: No cost/ Cost Data
      Website: http://www.ga.gov.au/ Leaving USGS


    Global Aerosol from Earth Observation (GlobAerosol)arrow
      About: The GlobAEROSOL generates daily global aerosol maps for the period 1995-2007 by merging ATSR-2, AATSR, MERIS and SEVIRI satellite data. The products produced are aerosol optical depths at 0.55 and 0.87um and Angstrom coefficient and estimated speciation.
      Year: 1995 - 2007
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globaerosol.info/project_description/data.htm Leaving USGS


    Global Land 1KM AVHRR Projectarrow
      About: The data set is composed of 5 band, 10-bit, raw Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data, at 1.1-km resolution for every daily afternoon pass over all land and coastal zones using data from NOAA's polar-orbiting TIROS. The NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer land science team concluded that a global land 1-km AVHRR data set is crucial to develop algorithms for several land products for the Earth Observing System (EOS).
      Year: April 1992 to Present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/1KM


    Global Land Cover (GlobCover)arrow
      About: The GlobCover programme develops a service that produces a time series of surface reflectance composites and a land cover classification at global scale for the year 2005/2006. An international network of partners is working with ESA on the project, including EEA, FAO, GOFC-GOLD, IGBP, JRC and UNEP.
      Year: 2005 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMZ16L26DF_index_0.html Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover 2000arrow
      About: The Global Vegetation Monitoring unit of the Joint Research Center has produced a new global land cover classification for the year 2000 (Global Land Cover 2000). The partners all used the hierarchical Land Cover Classification System produced by FAO and UNEP.
      Year: Global mosaic November 1999 - December 2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://bioval.jrc.ec.europa.eu/products/glc2000/glc2000.php Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Characterizationarrow
      About: The data set is derived from 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and is based on a flexible data base structure and seasonal land cover regions concepts. The regions are composed of relatively homogeneous land cover associations which exhibit distinctive phenology, and have common levels of primary production. The data provides 7 land cover land use classification systems.
      Year: Global mosaic - April 1992 to March 1993
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://edc2.usgs.gov/glcc/glcc.php


    Global Land Cover Facilityarrow
      About: The Global Land Cover Facility provides earth science data and products to help everyone better understand global environmental systems. In particular, the GLCF develops and distributes remotely sensed satellite data and products that explain land cover from the local to global scales.
      Year: 1972 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://glcf.umiacs.umd.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Cover Networkarrow
      About: In response to the high demand of natural resource information to meet multi-user requirements, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have jointly developed the Global Land Cover Network - GLCN initiative.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Authentication Required
      Website: http://www.glcn.org/ Leaving USGS


    Global Land Survey Visualization Interface newarrow
      About: The USGS EROS Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) GLS Visualization Interface (http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/) was released today. The new interface allows users to immediately download Global Land Survey (GLS) 2010 and GLS 2005 Surface Reflectance Products. GLS 2000 surface reflectance products will be available soon as well. In addition, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes from 1984 to April 14, 2012 can also be processed to surface reflectance for scientific evaluation through the ESPA Ordering Interface (https://espa.cr.usgs.gov). A username and password is required; to receive the login details, please complete the Contact Us Form, selecting the topic Surface Reflectance Data Request. Landsat Provisional Surface Reflectance Products (LPSRP) are created using the Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System (LEDAPS) software developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Version: November 24, 2011). Additional details about LPSRP and LEDAPS software can be found at http://landsat.usgs.gov/PLSRP.php.
      Website: http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/


    Global Maparrow
      About: The Global Map Data have 8 thematic layers. They are Boundaries, Transportation, Drainage, Population Centers, Elevation, Vegetation, Land use and Land cover. The digital geographic information is in 1 km resolution covering the earth's surface with a standardized specification.
      Year: 2000 to present
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Registration Required/ Cost
      Website: http://www.iscgm.org/cgi-bin/fswiki/wiki.cgi Leaving USGS


    Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)arrow
      About: The role of GOFC GOLD is to establish the link between space agencies, science community and the users of earth observation data and data products. The primary function of the Land Cover Implementation Team (LC-IT) is to develop and evaluate methods, tools and products for land cover measurements and monitoring using space-borne and in-situ observations.
      Year: Multiple
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.gofcgold.wur.nl/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Ocean Colour for Carbon Cycle Research(GlobColour)arrow
      About: One objective of GlobColour is to produce a long time series (10 years) of ocean colour data merged from four satellite data sources: i) the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Instrument (MERIS) aboard ENVISAT, ii) the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on the Aqua Earth Observing System (EOS) mission, iii)the Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) on board OrbView-2.
      Year: 10 years, 1997 to 2006
      Location: Global
      Website: http://www.globcolour.info/ Leaving USGS


    Global SPOT/VGT Surface Albedo (1999 - present) newarrow
      About: The Core Mapping Service BioPar of the geoland2 project announces the availability of Surface Albedo products derived from SPOT/VEGETATION sensor data over the globe. They include the broadband ([0.4, 0.7µm], [0.7, 4µm], [0.3 - 4µm]) black-sky and the white-sky albedo. These products cover the period from 1999 to the present and the production is continuing in near real time with a new product available every 10 days.
      Year: 1999 to the present
      Website: http://www.geoland2.eu/core-mapping-services/biopar.html Leaving USGS


    Global Terrestrial Ecoregionsarrow
      About: Developed by WWF scientists in collaboration with regional experts around the world, the Global Ecoregions is the first comparative analysis of biodiversity to cover every major habitat type, spanning 5 continents and all the world's oceans.
      Year: 1999-2000
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/item1847.html Leaving USGS


    GTOPO30 Digital Elevation Modelarrow
      About: GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer). GTOPO30 was derived from several raster and vector sources of topographic information. For easier distribution, GTOPO30 has been divided into tiles. Detailed information on the characteristics of GTOPO30 including the data distribution format, the data sources, production methods, accuracy, and hints for users, is found in the GTOPO30 README file.
      Year: 1996
      Scale: Global
      Cost: FREE
      Website: http://edcwww.cr.usgs.gov/earthshots/slow/tableofcontents


    Mangrove Forests of the World (2000)arrow
      About: The database was prepared using Landsat satellite data of the year 2000. More than 1,000 Landsat scenes obtained from USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS) were classified using hybrid supervised and unsupervised digital image classification techniques. This database is the first most comprehensive mangrove assessment of the world (Giri et al., 2011).
      Year: 2000
      Website: http://earthengine.google.org/#state=detail&assetId=LANDSAT/MANGROVE_FORESTS Leaving USGS


    Mathews Global Vegetation and Land Use (Select vegetation)arrow
      About: This site provides access to and describes the Goddard Institute for Space Studies dataset "Global Distribution of Vegetation at 1°×1° Resolution", which distinguishes 32 vegetation types. In combination with the Cultivation Intensity dataset, it may be used to calculate land cover across the globe.
      Year: 1983
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/landuse/ Leaving USGS


    MODIS Webarrow
      About: The MODIS Data section contains everything from Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents to Product Descriptions to tutorials on ordering MODIS data from the various Distributed Active Archive Centers.
      Scale: National and Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)arrow
      About: It is a unique, global, digital elevation model coordinated by a global consortium of scientists and organizations. The Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) is a global data set covering 180o West to 180o East longitude and 90o North to 90o South latitude.
      Year: 1999
      Scale: Global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    New Zealand Land Cover Data Base (LCDB2)arrow
      About: This database is a thematic classification of 42 land cover and land use classes. The polygon features contain a code and boundary representing the land cover type for the period Summer 1997/98 and Summer 2001/02. In addition shelterbelts exceeding 150m have been captured as line features.
      Year: 1997/98 & 2001/02
      Website: http://www.ew.govt.nz/Environmental-information/REDI/933628/ Leaving USGS


    OceanColor Webarrow
      About: Ocean Color promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers and users, advocacy and provision of expert advice. Ocean data from MODIS Aqua and SeaWiFs are available for download from this website.
      Scale: Global
      Cost: No Charge
      Website: http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)arrow
      About: NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), based at CIESIN, has gridded nearly 12,000 species distribution maps which were originally in vector format (ESRI shapefile). The original data were developed by a consortium of conservation organizations including NatureServe, IUCN, Conservation International, and World Wildlife Fund-USA. To make these data more useful for modeling and for integration with socioeconomic and other data, SEDAC converted the entire collection of shapefiles to raster format. This newly released Web site provides a search facility for quickly locating and downloading 1-kilometer (30 arc-second) resolution grids of selected species maps in GeoTIFF format. Data are available for global amphibian distributions, and for birds and mammals in the Americas. The Web site provides access to individual species distribution grids, along with family grids that show the density and distribution of species within a given family.
      Scale: 1-kilometer (30 arc-second)
      Website: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/species-v1 Leaving USGS


    SPOT Vegetation Distribution Sitearrow
      About: Provides free access to almost the entire SPOT VEGETATION ten daily global synthesis archive at 1km resolution, with predefined areas of interest in the standard VEGETATION product format.
      Year: Available 3 months after insertion into archive
      Scale: 10 predefined global regions of interest
      Cost: Must Register, Free
      Website: http://free.vgt.vito.be/ Leaving USGS


    The Australian Consortium for the Asian Spatial Information and Analysis Network (ACASIAN)arrow
      About: The Australian Consortium for the Asian Spatial Information and Analysis Network (ACASIAN) is an academic and applied research activity specializing in Geographical Information System (GIS) databases for Asia (China in particular) and the former Soviet Union. In its original manifestation, ACASIAN fulfilled Griffith University's leading role in the SIIASA and SIIRCEASA consortia, and Griffith University continues to licence its spatial datasets, and those Crissman has subsequently produced, for academic, research, and commercial purposes.
      Year: N/A
      Scale: Eurasia, East Asia, South East Asia, and South Asia
      Cost: COSTS
      Website: http://www.asian.gu.edu.au/index.html Leaving USGS


    UNEP GEO Data Portalarrow
      About: Is the authoritative source for data sets used by UNEP and its partners. The online database holds more than 450 different variables, as national, sub-regional, regional and global statistics or as geospatial data sets (maps), covering themes such as freshwater, population, forests, emissions, climate, disasters, health and Gross Domestic Product. The data can be displayed and explored on the fly through maps, graphs, and data tables, downloaded in various popular formats.
      Year: 2005 to Present
      Scale: National, sub-regional, regional, and global
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.grid.unep.ch/data/index.php Leaving USGS


    United States Department of Agriculture - Crop Explorerarrow
      About: Provides information on crops and conditions by region, satellite images, live data and maps, with links to production estimates, area, yield, and crop assessments.
      Year: 2008
      Scale: Continental
      Cost: Free
      Website: http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/cropexplorer/index.cfm Leaving USGS



    Information Links
      Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO)arrow
        About: CSIRO, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, is Australia's national science agency and one of the largest and most diverse research agencies in the world. CSIRO is one of the largest and most diverse scientific institutions in the world with 57 sites throughout Australia and overseas.
        Website: http://www.csiro.au/ Leaving USGS


      Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
        About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
        Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


      Global Change Researcharrow
        About: USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole-system understanding of the interrelationships among earth surface processes, ecological systems, and human activities. Activities of the program focus on documenting, analyzing, and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological, biological, hydrological, and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated
        Website: http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/


      International Charterarrow
        About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
        Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


      Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LPDAAC)arrow
        About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
        Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


      National Carbon Accounting System - Land Cover Changearrow
        About: The National Carbon Accounting System operates one of the largest satellite monitoring programs in the world, providing a comprehensive picture of land cover change over the Australian continent for the past 30 years. The area covers around 7.5 million square kilometres, with environments ranging from desert to rainforest, and through a period of accelerated landscape change. The NCAS uses Landsat satellite imagery to map forest extent at 25 m resolution for several time periods since 1972.
        Year: 1972 - Present
        Scale: National
        Website: http://www.climatechange.gov.au/government/initiatives/national-carbon-accounting.aspx Leaving USGS



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Mixed Datasets

    Earth Observing System Data Gatewayarrow
      About: The Land Processes (LP) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Data and Information System (EOSDIS) initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors
      Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/lpdaac/get_data


    ForestryDegree.net newarrow
      About: Forestry is defined as the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and other resources to meet a variety of goals and for the benefit of humans and the world at large. This broad term covers a multitude of occupations, organizations, and causes. As such, there are a many fantastic forestry resources available online, and it can be challenging to sort through all of them. We here at ForestryDegree.net have done that for you by compiling this list of 100 top forestry resources. We based selections on a variety of factors including traffic, search ranking, quality of content, and their overall success in achieving forestry’s many goals. They aren’t listed in a specific order, but are simply the best of the best. Any forestry student, professional, or anyone simply interested in the great outdoors should find something useful on this list.
      Website: http://forestrydegree.net/top-100-resources/ Leaving USGS


    NASA Global Data Setsarrow
      About: The Global Change Master Directory database holds more than 16,000 descriptions of Earth science data sets and services covering all aspects of Earth and environmental sciences.
      Website: http://gcmd.nasa.gov/ Leaving USGS


    National Elevation Dataset (NED)arrow
      About: National Elevation Dataset is the result of the maturation of the USGS effort to provide 1:24,000-scale digital elevation model data for the conterminous U.S. and 1:63,360-scale digital elevation model data for Alaska. The dataset provides seamless coverage of the United States, HI, AK, and the island territories.
      Website: http://ned.usgs.gov/


    National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)arrow
      About: The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a comprehensive set of digital spatial data that contains information about surface water features such as lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, springs and wells.
      Website: http://edna.usgs.gov/


    New EarthExplorerarrow
      About: Query, browse and order satellite images, aerial photographs, and cartographic products through the U.S. Geological Survey.
      Website: http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/


    The National Map Viewer and Download Platformarrow
      About: Managed by the National Geospatial Program (NGP), The National Map Viewer provides visualization and download of all eight primary themes of The National Map data sets to include US Topo and historical topographic map products. The viewer platform is extended upon the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency's (NGA) Palanterra x3 Viewer.
      Website: http://viewer.nationalmap.gov/viewer/ Leaving USGS


    USGS Global Visualization Viewerarrow
      About: The USGS Global Visualization Viewer (GloVis) is a quick and easy online search and order tool for selected satellite data. The viewer allows user-friendly access to all available browse images from the Landsat 7 ETM+, Landsat 4/5 TM, Landsat 1-5 MSS, EO-1 ALI, EO-1 Hyperion, MRLC, and Tri-Decadal data sets, as well as Aster TIR, Aster VNIR and MODIS browse images from the DAAC inventory. Through a graphic map display, the user can select any area of interest and immediately view all available browse images within the USGS inventory for the specified location. From the browse image viewer page, the user may either navigate to view adjacent scene locations or select a new area of interest. GloVis also offers additional features such as cloud cover limits, date limits, user-specified map layer displays, scene list maintenance, and access to metadata. An ordering interface is available for Landsat, EO-1, MRLC, Tri-Decadal, ASTER and MODIS data purchases. Future GloVis releases will include the addition of data from other sensors within the USGS EROS archives.
      Website: http://glovis.usgs.gov/



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Other Sites of Interest

    International Charterarrow
      About: The International Charter aims at providing a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery to those affected by natural or man-made disasters through Authorized Users. Each member agency has committed resources to support the provisions of the Charter and thus is helping to mitigate the effects of disasters on human life and property.
      Website: http://www.disasterscharter.org/home Leaving USGS


    Climate Science: Roger Pielke Sr. Research Group Weblogarrow
      About: The Climate Science Weblog assists in the communication of climate change issues. It encourages views on present climate science issues. Users are allowed to post comments on the topics posted on the site.
      Website: http://pielkeclimatesci.wordpress.com/ Leaving USGS


    Federal Geographic Data Committeearrow
      About: The Federal Geographic Data Committee is an interagency committee that promotes the coordinated development, use, sharing, and dissemination of geospatial data on a national basis.
      Website: http://www.fgdc.gov/dataandservices Leaving USGS


    GeoCommunity – Translatorsarrow


    Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE)arrow
      About: The Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence (GIScCE) is a joint collaboration between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the United States Geological Survey's National Center for Earth Resources Observation and Sciences (EROS). The purpose of the GIScCE is to enable South Dakota State University faculty and students, and EROS scientists to carry out collaborative research, seek professional development, and implement educational programs in the applications of geographic information science.
      Website: http://globalmonitoring.sdstate.edu/index.php Leaving USGS


    Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE)arrow
      About: GLOBE (Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment) is a worldwide hands-on, primary and secondary school-based education and science program.
      Website: http://www.globe.gov Leaving USGS


    International Human Dimensions Program on Global Environmental Changearrow
      About: The International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change is an international, interdisciplinary, non-governmental science programme dedicated to promoting, catalyzing and coordinating research on the human dimensions of global environmental change.
      Website: http://www.ihdp.unu.edu/ Leaving USGS


    Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LPDAAC)arrow
      About: The Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) was established as part of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System initiative to process, archive, and distribute land-related data collected by EOS sensors, thereby promoting the inter-disciplinary study and understanding of the integrated Earth system.
      Website: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/


    Nationalatlas.gov - National Atlas of the United Statesarrow
      About: This is nationalatlas.gov™, and it shows us where we are. It allows you to use your imagination and, by probing and questioning, to choose the facts that fit your needs as you explore the American story.
      Website: http://nationalatlas.gov/index.html Leaving USGS


    Perry-Castańeda Library Map Collectionarrow


    Terrainmaparrow
      About: The site contains an extensive list and free programs for terrain modeling and mapping techniques using Digital Elevation Model, SRTM, SDTS, GLCF, DRG, DLG, DTED ASTER, Landsat, EarthSat, EarthKam, World Wind and JPL Data.
      Website: http://www.terrainmap.com/ Leaving USGS



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USGS Information Links

    Global Land Survey Visualization Interface newarrow
      About: The USGS EROS Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) GLS Visualization Interface (http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/) was released today. The new interface allows users to immediately download Global Land Survey (GLS) 2010 and GLS 2005 Surface Reflectance Products. GLS 2000 surface reflectance products will be available soon as well. In addition, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes from 1984 to April 14, 2012 can also be processed to surface reflectance for scientific evaluation through the ESPA Ordering Interface (https://espa.cr.usgs.gov). A username and password is required; to receive the login details, please complete the Contact Us Form, selecting the topic Surface Reflectance Data Request. Landsat Provisional Surface Reflectance Products (LPSRP) are created using the Landsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System (LEDAPS) software developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Version: November 24, 2011). Additional details about LPSRP and LEDAPS software can be found at http://landsat.usgs.gov/PLSRP.php.
      Website: http://espa.cr.usgs.gov/ui/


    The Future of Land Imagingarrow
      About: This site is devoted to the future of land remote sensing. It maintains the most up to date information regarding the U.S. governments plan for the continuity of the Landsat Data record.
      Website: http://www.landimaging.gov/ Leaving USGS


    USGS Digital Data Viewer: dlgv32 Proarrow
      About: dlgv32 Pro is a limited-feature version of commercial software called Global Mapper which was created from the original dlgv32 source code. Improved to address changes in data standards and to better meet customer requirements, dlgv32 Pro continues the tradition of providing quality viewing software for USGS data users. The USGS has obtained from Global Mapper a license to freely distribute this limited-feature version.
      Website: http://mcmcweb.er.usgs.gov/drc/dlgv32pro/index.html


    USGS Fact Sheetsarrow
      About: These fact sheets summarize research and investigations of the USGS, or provide details about particular activities. They are listed by the following themes, resources, hazards, environment, information management and states.
      Website: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/#content


    USGS Geographic Analysis and Monitoringarrow
      About: Scientists in the USGS Geographic Analysis and Monitoring (GAM) Program work to improve our understanding of the rates, causes, and consequences of natural and human-induced processes that shape the landscape over time.
      Website: http://gam.usgs.gov/


    USGS Geography Fact Sheetsarrow
      About: The Geography Discipline provides printed and digital information on mapping and the science involved in within the USGS.
      Website: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/


    USGS Geography Productsarrow
      About: Welcome to the USGS mapping sciences page containing links describing USGS cartographic and geographic products and programs. The information products are available in printed and digital formats.
      Website: http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/pubslists/



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USGS Science Centers

    Alaska Science Centerarrow
      Location: USGS 4230 University Drive, Rm 101, Anchorage, AK 99508-4664
      Contact: Tel: (907) 786 –7011 Fax: (907) 786-7050
      Website: http://alaska.usgs.gov/


    Earth Resources Observation & Science (EROS) Centerarrow
      Location: USGS EROS, 47914, 252nd Street, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. 57198-001
      Contact: Tel: (605) 594-6151 Fax: (605) 594-6589
      Website: http://eros.usgs.gov/


    Eastern Geographic Science Center (EGSC)arrow
      Location: USGS National Center, 507 National Center, Reston, Virginia 20192
      Contact: Tel: (703) 648–5953 Fax: (703) 648-5548
      Website: http://egsc.usgs.gov/


    Western Geographic Science Center (WGSC)arrow
      Location: USGS, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, California. 94025
      Contact: Tel: (650) 329-4309 Fax: (650) 329-5130
      Website: http://geography.wr.usgs.gov/



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